, Volume 32, Issue 3, pp 362-370

Deuteron Induced (d,p) and (d,2p) Nuclear Reactions up to 50 MeV

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Abstract

Many studies have shown that the nuclear reactions of charged particles with nuclei are very important in many fields of nuclear physics. The interactions of deuterons with nuclei have been especially the subject of common research in the history of nuclear physics. Moreover, the knowledge of cross section for deuteron-nucleus interactions are required for various application such as space applications, accelerator driven sub-critical systems, nuclear medicine, nuclear fission reactors and controlled thermonuclear fusion reactors. Particularly, the future of controlled thermonuclear fusion reactors is largely dependent on the nuclear reaction cross section data and the selection of structural fusion materials. Finally, the reaction cross section data of deuteron induced reactions on fusion structural materials are of great importance for development and design of both experimental and commercial fusion devices. In this work, reaction model calculations of the cross sections of deuteron induced reactions on structural fusion materials such as Al (Aluminium), Ti (Titanium), Cu (Copper), Ni (Nickel), Co (Cobalt), Fe (Iron), Zr (Zirconium), Hf (Hafnium) and Ta (Tantalum) have been investigated. The new calculations on the excitation functions of 27 Al(d,2p) 27 Mg, 47 Ti(d,2p) 47 Sc, 65 Cu(d,2p) 65 Ni, 58 Ni(d,2p) 58 Co, 59 Co(d,2p) 59 Fe, 58 Fe(d,p) 59 Fe, 96 Zr(d,p) 97 Zr, 180 Hf (d,p) 181 Hf and 181 Ta(d,p) 182 Ta have been carried out for incident deuteron energies up to 50 MeV. In these calculations, the equilibrium and pre-equilibrium effects for (d,p) and (d,2p) reactions have been investigated. The equilibrium effects are calculated according to the Weisskopf-Ewing (WE) Model. The pre-equilibrium calculations involve the new evaluated the Geometry Dependent Hybrid Model (GDH) and Hybrid Model. In the calculations the program code ALICE/ASH was used. The calculated results are discussed and compared with the experimental data taken from the literature.