, Volume 31, Issue 5, pp 455-462,
Open Access This content is freely available online to anyone, anywhere at any time.
Date: 29 Nov 2011

Effect of Dust Grains on Dust-Ion-Acoustic KdV Solitons in Magnetized Complex Plasma with Superthermal Electrons


In this paper, the propagation of dust-ion-acoustic (DIA) waves in a magnetized collisionless complex (dusty) plasma consisting of superthermal electrons are investigated. In the discharge plasma, the electron temperature is usually much greater than ion temperature. Thus, the electron distribution function DF), is generally nonmaxwellian, has to be modeled. For this purpose, the generalized Lorentzian (\( \kappa \))-DF is used to simulate the electron DF. Two types of modes (fast and slow DIA modes) exist in this plasma. By deriving Korteweg-de Vries (KdV) equation, using reductive perturbation method, both regions of solitary waves, rarefactive (dark) and compressive (bright) solitary waves, are allowed to be propagated in this plasma. Properties of DIA solitary waves are investigated numerically. How dust grains and superthermal electrons affect the sign and the magnitude of nonlinear coefficient of KdV equation is also discussed in detail. It is noted that the velocity, amplitude, and width of a DIA soliton is studied as well.