Asymmetries in Benefiting, Harming and Creating
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- Bradley, B. J Ethics (2013) 17: 37. doi:10.1007/s10892-012-9134-6
It is often said that while we have a strong reason not to create someone who will be badly off, we have no strong reason for creating someone who will be well off. In this paper I argue that this asymmetry is incompatible with a plausible principle of independence of irrelevant alternatives, and that a more general asymmetry between harming and benefiting is difficult to defend. I then argue that, contrary to what many have claimed, it is possible to harm or benefit someone by bringing her into existence.