The Journal of Economic Inequality

, Volume 12, Issue 2, pp 191–220

Inequality of opportunity in daycare and preschool services in Brazil

Article

DOI: 10.1007/s10888-013-9245-8

Cite this article as:
Foguel, M.N. & Veloso, F.A. J Econ Inequal (2014) 12: 191. doi:10.1007/s10888-013-9245-8

Abstract

In this paper we measure inequality of opportunity in daycare and preschool services in Brazil. For this purpose, we construct an opportunity index that modifies the Human Opportunity Index proposed in the literature and used in Barros et al. (2009) to measure inequality in basic opportunities in Latin America and the Caribbean. Specifically, we construct an opportunity measure that includes not only attendance but also parental choice not to enroll children in daycare or preschool, using data from a supplementary questionnaire included in the 2006 version of Pesquisa Nacional por Amostra de Domicílios (PNAD). The results show that there are large differences between our opportunity index and the Human Opportunity Index for children aged 0–3 years old and considerably smaller differences for children aged 4–6 years old, which suggests that preschool may be closer to a basic opportunity than daycare.

Keywords

OpportunityInequalityChildhoodEducation

JEL Classifications

D39D63I21

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.IPEARio de JaneiroBrazil
  2. 2.IBRE/FGVRio de JaneiroBrazil