Health-Related Quality of Life is Associated with Positive Affect in Patients with Coronary Heart Disease Entering Cardiac Rehabilitation

  • Stefanie Stauber
  • Jean-Paul Schmid
  • Hugo Saner
  • Hansjörg Znoj
  • Gaby Saner
  • Johannes Grolimund
  • Roland von Känel
Article

DOI: 10.1007/s10880-012-9311-6

Cite this article as:
Stauber, S., Schmid, JP., Saner, H. et al. J Clin Psychol Med Settings (2013) 20: 79. doi:10.1007/s10880-012-9311-6
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Abstract

Health-related quality of life (QoL) is an important and widely used outcome measure in cardiac populations. We examined the relationship between positive affect and health-related quality of life, controlling for traditional cardiovascular risk factors, clinical variables and negative affect. We further investigated the role of gender in this relationship given the well-known gender differences in cardiovascular health. We enrolled 746 patients with coronary heart disease (CHD) before they entered outpatient cardiac rehabilitation. All patients completed the Global Mood Scale and the SF-36 Health Survey. Positive affect was independently associated with mental (p < .001) and physical QoL (p < .001) after controlling for control variables. Gender moderated the relationship between positive affect and physical QoL (p = .009) but not mental QoL (p = .60). Positive affect was positively associated with physical QoL in men (p < .001) but not in women (p = .44). The health-related QoL of patients with CHD is associated with a person’s level of positive affect.

Keywords

Affect Cardiovascular disease Quality of life Rehabilitation 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Stefanie Stauber
    • 1
    • 2
  • Jean-Paul Schmid
    • 2
    • 3
  • Hugo Saner
    • 2
    • 3
  • Hansjörg Znoj
    • 4
  • Gaby Saner
    • 2
    • 3
  • Johannes Grolimund
    • 2
    • 3
  • Roland von Känel
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of General Internal Medicine, Division of Psychosomatic Medicine, InselspitalBern University HospitalBernSwitzerland
  2. 2.University of BernBernSwitzerland
  3. 3.Cardiovascular Prevention and Rehabilitation, Swiss Cardiovascular Centre, InselspitalBern University HospitalBernSwitzerland
  4. 4.Clinical Psychology and PsychotherapyUniversity of BernBernSwitzerland

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