Nuclear-Targeting Autoantibodies Induced Nuclear PARP Cleavage Accompanied by More Pronounced Decrease of Peripheral White Blood Cells Than Ro/SSA and La/SSB Antigen-Targeting Autoantibodies
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- Böhm, I. J Clin Immunol (2005) 25: 99. doi:10.1007/s10875-005-2815-1
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Autoantibody production and leukocytopenia may be linked in patients with lupus erythematosus (LE). Unclear is the ability of different autoantibody species to induce apoptosis and cell loss. Laboratory routine analyses (white blood cell counts, autoantibody detection), and flow cytometry (annexin V, CD3, CD4, CD8) have been performed in 126 consecutive LE-patients. Nuclei of PBMC were investigated flow cytometrically for the presence of the 85 kDa poly-(ADP-ribose)-polymerase (PARP) fragment. Peripheral total white blood cells (WBC), lymphocytes, T-cells, CD3+ CD4+, and CD3+ CD8+ cells were significantly decreased in patients with LE (P from 1.2 × 10−14 to P < .0008). In the presence of either antinuclear (P from 1.2 × 10−14 to P < .0008) or anti-dsDNA antibodies (P from 2.9 × 10−12 to P < .007) were significantly diminished. Differences in cell numbers in LE patients with versus without anti-Ro/SSA were less pronounced: significant differences could be only obtained in lymphocytes and T-cells (P < .02). Anti-La/SSB antibodies were accompanied by significant increased leukocytes (P < .02). PARP cleavage (85 kDa) in nuclei was preferentially observed in cases with nuclear targeting autoantibodies. These results indicate that nuclear targeting autoantibodies are associated to lower peripheral blood cells counts than Ro/SSA, and La/SSB cytoplasmic targeting autoantibodies. This provides an explanation for the pathogenesis of cytopenias associated with SLE.