Journal of Oceanography

, Volume 62, Issue 1, pp 1–24

Winter counter-wind currents off the southeastern China coast: A review


DOI: 10.1007/s10872-006-0028-8

Cite this article as:
Guan, B. & Fang, G. J Oceanogr (2006) 62: 1. doi:10.1007/s10872-006-0028-8


This review covers the discovery and studies of the year-round northeastward currents off the southeastern China coast, paying special attention to its upwind characteristic in winter, mainly focusing on work by Chinese oceanographers. This current system is a prominent and unique phenomenon in the shelf circulation of the world ocean. The general features of the current system are summarized. The evidence for the existence and the variation of the three parts of the currents—the South China Sea Warm Current, the Taiwan Strait Warm Current and the Taiwan Warm Current—are separately elucidated. The formation mechanisms of the current as a whole are explained using dynamic analysis and numerical simulation results. Some suggestions for further studies are also made.


Winter Counterwind Currents southeastern China adjacent waters South China Sea Warm Current Taiwan Strait Warm Current Taiwan Warm Current 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of OceanologyChinese Academy of SciencesQingdaoChina
  2. 2.Laboratory of Marine Science and Numerical ModelingFirst Institute of Oceanography, State Oceanic AdministrationQingdaoChina

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