Journal of Behavioral Medicine

, Volume 36, Issue 3, pp 295–304

Gender-based violence, alcohol use, and sexual risk among female patrons of drinking venues in Cape Town, South Africa

  • Eileen V. Pitpitan
  • Seth C. Kalichman
  • Lisa A. Eaton
  • Demetria Cain
  • Kathleen J. Sikkema
  • Donald Skinner
  • Melissa H. Watt
  • Desiree Pieterse
Article

DOI: 10.1007/s10865-012-9423-3

Cite this article as:
Pitpitan, E.V., Kalichman, S.C., Eaton, L.A. et al. J Behav Med (2013) 36: 295. doi:10.1007/s10865-012-9423-3

Abstract

Gender-based violence is a well-recognized risk factor for HIV infection among women. Alcohol use is associated with both gender-based violence and sexual risk behavior, but has not been examined as a correlate of both in a context of both high HIV risk and hazardous drinking. The purpose of this paper is to examine the association between recent abuse by a sex partner with alcohol and sexual risk behavior among female patrons of alcohol serving venues in South Africa. Specifically, the aim of this study is to determine whether sexual risk behaviors are associated with gender-based violence after controlling for levels of alcohol use. We surveyed 1,388 women attending informal drinking establishments in Cape Town, South Africa to assess recent history of gender-based violence, drinking, and sexual risk behaviors. Gender-based violence was associated with both drinking and sexual risk behaviors after controlling for demographics among the women. A hierarchical logistic regression analysis showed that after controlling for alcohol use sexual risk behavior remained significantly associated with gender-based violence, particularly with meeting a new sex partner at the bar, recent STI diagnosis, and engaging in transactional sex, but not protected intercourse or number of partners. In South Africa where heavy drinking is prevalent women may be at particular risk of physical abuse from intimate partners as well as higher sexual risk. Interventions that aim to reduce gender-based violence and sexual risk behaviors must directly work to reduce drinking behavior.

Keywords

Gender-based violenceIntimate partner violenceAlcoholSexual riskHIV risk

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Eileen V. Pitpitan
    • 1
  • Seth C. Kalichman
    • 1
  • Lisa A. Eaton
    • 1
  • Demetria Cain
    • 1
  • Kathleen J. Sikkema
    • 2
  • Donald Skinner
    • 3
  • Melissa H. Watt
    • 2
  • Desiree Pieterse
    • 3
  1. 1.Center for Health, Intervention and PreventionUniversity of ConnecticutStorrsUSA
  2. 2.Duke UniversityDurhamUSA
  3. 3.Stellenbosch UniversityCape TownSouth Africa