Journal of Behavioral Medicine

, 30:107

Pessimism and Physical Functioning in Older Women: Influence of Self-Efficacy

Authors

  • M. Renée Umstattd
    • Department of Kinesiology and Community HealthUniversity of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
    • Department of Health ScienceUniversity of Alabama
    • Department of Kinesiology and Community HealthUniversity of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
    • Department of Kinesiology and Community HealthUniversity of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
  • Robert W. Motl
    • Department of Kinesiology and Community HealthUniversity of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
  • Karl S. Rosengren
    • Department of Kinesiology and Community HealthUniversity of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Original Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s10865-006-9089-9

Cite this article as:
Umstattd, M.R., McAuley, E., Motl, R.W. et al. J Behav Med (2007) 30: 107. doi:10.1007/s10865-006-9089-9

The purpose of the present study was to examine the nature of the relationships among dispositional optimism/pessimism, self-efficacy, and physical function in a cross-sectional sample of older women (N = 249, M age = 69 years). Initial bivariate analyses indicated that both pessimism and self-efficacy, but not optimism, were significantly correlated with objectively measured physical function. Subsequent analyses using covariance modeling with the full-information maximum likelihood estimator indicated that pessimism was no longer correlated with function when controlling for self-efficacy. That is, consistent with a social cognitive perspective, controlling for self-efficacy attenuated the relationship between pessimism and function. Our findings provide support for using a social cognitive perspective to understanding dispositional and modifiable influences on declines in function associated with aging.

KEY WORDS

physical functiondispositional pessimismself-efficacyolder adults

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007