Journal of Behavioral Medicine

, Volume 29, Issue 5, pp 419–434

Prevalence and Correlates of Sun Protection and Skin Self-Examination Practices Among Cutaneous Malignant Melanoma Survivors

Authors

    • Fox Chase Cancer Center
  • Stuart Lessin
    • Fox Chase Cancer Center
Article

DOI: 10.1007/s10865-006-9064-5

Cite this article as:
Manne, S. & Lessin, S. J Behav Med (2006) 29: 419. doi:10.1007/s10865-006-9064-5

Little is known about the level of engagement and correlates of sun protection and skin self-exam among individuals diagnosed with melanoma. Participants (N = 229) completed measures of skin self-exam and sun protection practice and knowledge and attitudes. Approximately eighty-four percent of patients reported engaging in skin self-examination at least once in the past year. Engagement in sun protection practices was moderate. Self-exam practice was associated with gender, physician recommendation about self-exam, and perceived benefits and barriers of self-exam. Sun protection was associated with gender, age, medical status and health care access, physician recommendation, knowledge, and a number of psychological factors. Behavioral interventions to improve skin surveillance and sun protection may benefit from an emphasis on physician education regarding self-exam and sun protection, education regarding the efficacy of sunscreen and the risks associated with sunbathing, reducing perceived barriers to self-exam and sun protection, and reducing reliance on social influences on sun protection practices.

KEY WORDS:

psychological factorssun protectionskin self-examinationcancer survivorship

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2006