Journal of Behavioral Medicine

, Volume 29, Issue 2, pp 191–201

Predictors of Positive Psychosocial Functioning of Older Adults in Residential Care Facilities

Original Research

DOI: 10.1007/s10865-005-9034-3

Cite this article as:
Schanowitz, J.Y. & Nicassio, P.M. J Behav Med (2006) 29: 191. doi:10.1007/s10865-005-9034-3

This research examined the contributions of active and passive coping for health problems, and meaning-based coping, to positive psychosocial functioning in a sample of 100 individuals in residential care with a mean age of 83.11 years old. Study participants resided in skilled care, intermediate care, or assisted living facilities. Based on interview data collected on site in participants' residential settings, hierarchical multiple regression analyses revealed that active and passive coping and meaning-based coping had separate influences on measures of positive psychosocial functioning. Active coping was correlated with higher positive affect, whereas passive coping was associated with higher negative affect and self-acceptance. Positive reappraisal, a meaning-based coping strategy, was uniquely associated with higher positive affect, positive social relations, and self-acceptance. Positive religious coping was not independently associated with positive psychosocial functioning indices, whereas negative religious coping was related to higher negative affect. Health functioning did not contribute to positive psychosocial functioning in this sample. The results confirm the separate importance of health-related and meaning-based coping strategies in explaining positive psychosocial functioning in older adults living in residential care settings.


predictorspositive psychosocial functioningelderly

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Alliant International UniversitySan DiegoUSA
  2. 2.Department of Psychiatry and Biobehavioral Sciences, Norman Cousins Center for PsychoneuroimmunologyUniversity of CaliforniaLos AngelesUSA
  3. 3.Private Clinical Psychology PracticeSan DiegoUSA
  4. 4.Department of Psychiatry and Biobehavioral Sciences, Norman Cousins Center for Psychoneuroimmunology, UCLALos AngelesUSA