Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment

, Volume 35, Issue 4, pp 460–474

Evaluating Self-Report Measures of Narcissistic Entitlement

Article

DOI: 10.1007/s10862-013-9352-7

Cite this article as:
Ackerman, R.A. & Donnellan, M.B. J Psychopathol Behav Assess (2013) 35: 460. doi:10.1007/s10862-013-9352-7

Abstract

The present work further delineates the psychometric properties of two self-report measures of entitlement: the Psychological Entitlement Scale (PES) and the Entitlement/Exploitativeness subscale from the Narcissistic Personality Inventory (NPI-EE). Past research shows that these measures diverge in their relations with psychological distress and self-esteem. We draw upon conceptual distinctions between normal and pathological narcissism to explain these differences. We also provide additional reliability information for each measure. Study 1 (n = 436) uses self-report data on exploitive entitlement, non-exploitive entitlement, and the traits of the Five-Factor Model (FFM) to evaluate the nomological nets of the PES and NPI-EE. Study 2 (n = 497) uses self-report data on self-esteem and antisocial behaviors to evaluate the criterion-related validity of the PES and NPI-EE; it also replicates the Study 1 FFM profile results. Study 3 (n = 142) investigates the test-retest reliability of the PES and NPI-EE (along with estimates of their internal consistencies) across a 2-week interval. The PES had strong retest reliability and showed a pattern of correlates characteristic of grandiosity (e.g., higher levels of antagonism [immodesty in particular]); the PES also had a strong positive association with non-exploitive entitlement and a modest positive association with self-esteem. The NPI-EE captured some features consistent with vulnerability (e.g., links with higher Neuroticism [anger in particular] and somewhat lower self-esteem) and also had adequate retest reliability in light of its internal consistency. Implications for the assessment of narcissistic entitlement are discussed.

Keywords

Entitlement Narcissism Psychological entitlement scale Narcissistic personality inventory Test-retest reliability 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Psychological Sciences, School of Behavioral and Brain SciencesThe University of Texas at DallasRichardsonUSA
  2. 2.Michigan State UniversityEast LansingUSA