Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment

, Volume 32, Issue 3, pp 397–405

A Psychometric Evaluation of the Thought Control Ability Questionnaire (TCAQ) and the Prediction of Cognitive Control

  • Alishia D. Williams
  • Michelle L. Moulds
  • Jessica R. Grisham
  • Philippe Gay
  • Tamara Lang
  • Eva Kandris
  • Aliza Werner-Seidler
  • Carol Yap
Article

DOI: 10.1007/s10862-009-9171-z

Cite this article as:
Williams, A.D., Moulds, M.L., Grisham, J.R. et al. J Psychopathol Behav Assess (2010) 32: 397. doi:10.1007/s10862-009-9171-z

Abstract

Study 1 evaluated the psychometric properties of the English version of the Thought Control Ability Questionnaire (TCAQ; Luciano et al. 2005), an index of perceived control over intrusive cognitions. Confirmatory factor analysis in a sample of 720 University students revealed a clear uni-dimensional structure (after removal of items 5, 7, 8, 14, and 25) with high internal consistency (α = .87, 95% CI = [.86, .88]) and test-retest reliability after a six month interval (r = .68). Correlational analyses supported an inverse relationship with measures of depression, anxiety, maladaptive cognitive control strategies, and obsessive–compulsive symptomatology. Study 2 tested the ability of the TCAQ to predict successful cognitive control during an experimental suppression protocol. Results demonstrated that weak thought control ability was predictive of the frequency and associated levels of distress of a target thought while under instruction to suppress. Additionally, weak perceived thought control ability was predictive of increased efforts to suppress the target material. Collectively, results suggest that thought control ability is a measurable individual difference variable and that the TCAQ is a reliable index of perceived cognitive control.

Keywords

Thought suppression Thought control ability Mental control Intrusive thoughts 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alishia D. Williams
    • 1
  • Michelle L. Moulds
    • 1
  • Jessica R. Grisham
    • 1
  • Philippe Gay
    • 2
  • Tamara Lang
    • 3
  • Eva Kandris
    • 1
  • Aliza Werner-Seidler
    • 1
  • Carol Yap
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyThe University of New South WalesSydneyAustralia
  2. 2.Swiss Centre for Affective SciencesUniversity of GenevaGenevaSwitzerland
  3. 3.Department of PsychiatryUniversity of OxfordOxfordUK

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