Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment

, Volume 29, Issue 4, pp 241–248

The Role of Coping Styles and Self-efficacy in the Development of Dysphoric Mood Among Nursing Students

  • Noriko Shikai
  • Masayo Uji
  • Zi Chen
  • Hidetoshi Hiramura
  • Nao Tanaka
  • Masahiro Shono
  • Toshinori Kitamura
Article

DOI: 10.1007/s10862-007-9043-3

Cite this article as:
Shikai, N., Uji, M., Chen, Z. et al. J Psychopathol Behav Assess (2007) 29: 241. doi:10.1007/s10862-007-9043-3

Abstract

Coping styles and self-efficacy have been recognized as important determinants of dysphoric mood. The objectives of this study were to determine the influence of these two factors on depression and anxiety in Japanese students. A set of questionnaires, including the Hospital Anxiety and Depression (HAD) Scale, the Coping Inventory for Stressful Situations (CISS), and the Self-efficacy Scale (SES) was distributed to 146 nursing students. Structural equation modelling was conducted to specify the relationships between measured variables. The HAD depression and anxiety scores were predicted by emotion-oriented coping. The HAD depression alone was predicted by avoidance-oriented coping. Self-efficacy scores predicted the emotion-oriented coping and HAD depression scores. Students’ dysphoric moods were influenced by emotional-oriented coping that mediated the effects of low self-efficacy, and self-efficacy also had a direct effect on depression.

Keywords

Depression Anxiety Emotion-oriented coping Self-efficacy Structural equation model 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Noriko Shikai
    • 1
  • Masayo Uji
    • 1
  • Zi Chen
    • 1
  • Hidetoshi Hiramura
    • 1
  • Nao Tanaka
    • 1
  • Masahiro Shono
    • 1
  • Toshinori Kitamura
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Clinical Behavioural Sciences, (Psychological Medicine)Kumamoto University Graduate School of Medical SciencesKumamotoJapan

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