, Volume 51, Issue 4, pp 487-495

Paramagnetic relaxation enhancement to improve sensitivity of fast NMR methods: application to intrinsically disordered proteins

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Abstract

We report enhanced sensitivity NMR measurements of intrinsically disordered proteins in the presence of paramagnetic relaxation enhancement (PRE) agents such as Ni2+-chelated DO2A. In proton-detected 1H-15N SOFAST-HMQC and carbon-detected (H-flip)13CO-15N experiments, faster longitudinal relaxation enables the usage of even shorter interscan delays. This results in higher NMR signal intensities per units of experimental time, without adverse line broadening effects. At 40 mmol·L−1 of the PRE agent, we obtain a 1.7- to 1.9-fold larger signal to noise (S/N) for the respective 2D NMR experiments. High solvent accessibility of intrinsically disordered protein (IDP) residues renders this class of proteins particularly amenable to the outlined approach.