Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Medicine

, Volume 21, Issue 4, pp 1353–1362

In vitro astrocyte and cerebral endothelial cell response to electrospun poly(ε-caprolactone) mats of different architecture

  • Silvia Baiguera
  • Costantino Del Gaudio
  • Lara Fioravanzo
  • Alessandra Bianco
  • Mauro Grigioni
  • Marcella Folin
Article

DOI: 10.1007/s10856-009-3944-5

Cite this article as:
Baiguera, S., Del Gaudio, C., Fioravanzo, L. et al. J Mater Sci: Mater Med (2010) 21: 1353. doi:10.1007/s10856-009-3944-5

Abstract

This work focuses on the evaluation of the potential use of electrospun poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL) micrometric and/or sub-micrometric fibrous membranes for rat hippocampal astrocyte (HA) and rat cerebro-microvascular endothelial cell (CEC) cultures. Both mats supported cell adhesion, proliferation, cellular phenotype and spreading. Microfibrous mats allowed cellular infiltration, while both HAs and CECs were unable to migrate within the sub-micrometric fibrous mat, leaving an acellularized inner region. This finding was correlated to the presence of larger voids within electrospun PCL microfibrous mats, suggesting that the morphology should be accurately selected for the realization of a cell environment-mimicking mat. Based on our results, the proper fiber architecture can be regarded as a crucial issue to be considered in order to deal with suitable polymeric mats tailored for specific in vitro application.

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Silvia Baiguera
    • 1
  • Costantino Del Gaudio
    • 2
  • Lara Fioravanzo
    • 1
  • Alessandra Bianco
    • 2
  • Mauro Grigioni
    • 3
  • Marcella Folin
    • 1
  1. 1.Dipartimento di BiologiaUniversità di PadovaPadovaItaly
  2. 2.Dipartimento di Scienze e Tecnologie Chimiche, INSTM Research Unit Tor VergataUniversità di Roma “Tor Vergata”RomeItaly
  3. 3.Istituto Superiore di SanitàLaboratorio di Ingegneria BiomedicaRomeItaly