, Volume 20, Issue 1, pp 287-294
Date: 03 Sep 2008

Incorporation of bovine serum albumin into biomimetic coatings on titanium with high loading efficacy and its release behavior

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Bovine serum albumin (BSA) was employed as a model protein to study its loading efficiency into a calcium phosphate (CaP) coating on titanium substrates. It is found that the protein loading efficiency can be adjusted by varying the specific configurations of the coating system such as simulated body fluid (SBF) volume, solution height and container selection for the SBF. A BSA loading efficiency as high as 90% was achieved when the ratio of the substrate surface area to modified SBF (m-SBF) volume was as high as 0.072. The release of BSA from the biomimetic coatings was also investigated in vitro. A sustained release was achieved although a large quantity of BSA was still trapped in the coating after 15 days of immersion in a phosphate buffer solution. A much faster release rate would be expected when the coating is implanted in vivo due to the active involvement of osteoclast cells and enzymes.