, Volume 19, Issue 12, pp 3575-3583
Date: 15 Jul 2008

Injectable iron-modified apatitic bone cement intended for kyphoplasty: cytocompatibility study

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Abstract

In this study, the cytocompatibility of human ephitelial (HEp-2) cells cultured on new injectable iron-modified calcium phosphate cements (IM-CPCs) has been investigated in terms of cell adhesion, cell proliferation, and morphology. Quantitative MTT-assay and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) showed that cell adhesion and viability were not affected with culturing time by iron concentration in a dose-dependent manner. SEM-cell morphology showed that HEp-2 cells, seeded on IM-CPCs, were able to adhere, spread, and attain normal morphology. These results showed that the new injectable IM-CPCs have cytocompatible features of interest to the intended kyphophasty application, for the treatment of osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures.