Date: 11 Dec 2013

Efficiency enhancement of polymer solar cells with Ag nanoparticles incorporated into PEDOT:PSS layer

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Abstract

In this study, large-sized silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) (average size: 80 nm) have been introduced into the anodic buffer poly-(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene):poly(styrenesulfonate) (PEDOT:PSS) layer (thickness: about 55 nm) of poly(3-hexylthiophene):[6,6]-phenyl-C61-butyric acid methyl ester bulk heterojunction polymer solar cells. The results showed that the short-circuit current density can increase from 8.73 to 11.36 mA/cm2, and power conversion efficiency increases from 2.28 to 2.65 % when 0.1 wt% Ag NPs was incorporated in PEDOT:PSS layer, corresponding to an efficiency improvement of 16.2 %. Absorption spectrums of the active layers indicate that large-sized Ag NPs have no clear contribution to optical absorption improvement. By measuring the conductivity of PEDOT:PSS films without and with Ag NPs and analyzing device structure of this polymer solar cell, it was founded that the improvements in power conversion efficiency was originated from higher conductivity of PEDOT:PSS layer incorporated with Ag NPs and the shorter routes for holes to travel to the anode.