Weak ferromagnetic polar phase in the BiFe1−xTixO3 multiferroics
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- Khomchenko, V.A., Troyanchuk, I.O., Sikolenko, V. et al. J Mater Sci (2013) 48: 3852. doi:10.1007/s10853-013-7186-z
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Neutron powder diffraction and magnetization measurements of selected samples of the BiFe1−xTixO3 series were performed. Ti4+ substitution was shown to induce the appearance of weak ferromagnetism in the initial polar R3c phase stable at x ≤ 0.1. In the concentration range 0 ≤ x ≤ 0.1, room-temperature residual magnetization increases from 0 to 0.25 emu/g (the latter is characteristic of the field-induced weak ferromagnetic state in pure BiFeO3). The calculated ferroelectric polarization decreases from ~70 μC/cm2 (x = 0) to ~60 μC/cm2 (x = 0.1) at room temperature. Magnetic ordering coexists with the large spontaneous polarization in a broad temperature range to make the BiFe1−xTixO3 (x → 0.1) perovskites promising for multiferroic applications.