Article

Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 48, Issue 14, pp 4823-4833

First online:

A silicon nanoparticle/reduced graphene oxide composite anode with excellent nanoparticle dispersion to improve lithium ion battery performance

  • Rhet C. de GuzmanAffiliated withDepartment of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science, Wayne State University
  • , Jinho YangAffiliated withDepartment of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Wayne State University
  • , Mark Ming-Cheng ChengAffiliated withDepartment of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Wayne State University
  • , Steven O. SalleyAffiliated withDepartment of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science, Wayne State University
  • , K. Y. Simon NgAffiliated withDepartment of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science, Wayne State University Email author 

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Abstract

Composite anodes of Si nanoparticles (SiNPs) and reduced graphene oxide (RGO) sheets with highly dispersed SiNPs were synthesized to investigate the performance-related improvements that particle dispersion can impart. Three composites with varying degrees of particle dispersions were prepared using different ultrasonication, and a combination of ultrasonication and surfactant. With more dispersed SiNPs, the capacity retention and rate performance as evaluated by galvanostatic cycling using increasing current density rates (500–2500 mA/g) also improved compared with anodes that have poor particle dispersion. These results demonstrate that better nanoparticle dispersion (small clusters to mono-dispersed particles) between the stable and the highly conducting RGO layers, allows the carbonaceous matrix material to complement the SiNP-Li+ electrochemistry by becoming highly involved in the charge–discharge reaction mechanisms as indicated by chronopotentiometry and cyclic voltammetry (CV). Particle dispersion improvement was confirmed to be a key component in a composite anode design to maximize Si for high-performance lithium ion battery (LIB) application.