Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 47, Issue 1, pp 68–92

The diversity of combustion synthesis processing: a review

Anniversary Review

DOI: 10.1007/s10853-011-5926-5

Cite this article as:
Morsi, K. J Mater Sci (2012) 47: 68. doi:10.1007/s10853-011-5926-5

Abstract

The harnessing of heat emanating from powder-based exothermic reactions to produce advanced materials has been around for many decades, and is manifested in the process of combustion synthesis (CS). A plethora of work has been published on the topic covering fundamental aspects of the process for a large number of material systems. Over time, CS has been combined with other processes and effects to potentially improve on conventionally produced CS products and alleviate some of the inherent disadvantages of CS. This article discusses processing aspects of CS, and provides a review of CS-related hybrid processes with the intent to exemplify the diversity of CS processing. Approaches such as reactant microstructural design, reactive bulk deformation/compaction processes, reactive casting, laser-assisted CS, activation techniques (field/current, mechanical, microwave), and unconventional heat treatments are discussed together with other methods.

Abbreviations

AC

Alternating current

BPR

Ball-to-powder weight ratio

CAD

Computer aided design

CS

Combustion synthesis

CS-SPS

Combustion synthesis-spark plasma sintering

DC

Direct current

ECAE

Equal channel angular extrusion

ECAP

Equal channel angular pressing

FACS

Field-activated combustion synthesis

FF-MGE

Free-fall microgravity environment

HA

Hydroxyappatite

HERS

Hot extrusion reaction synthesis

HPSHS

High pressure self-propagating high temperature synthesis

MA

Mechanical alloying/activation

MA2P

Mechanically activated annealing process

MACS

Microwave-assisted/activated combustion synthesis

MASHS

Mechanically activated self-propagating high temperature synthesis

MARES

Mechanically activated reactive extrusion synthesis

MARFOS

Mechanically activated reactive forging synthesis

MSR

Mechanically induced self-propagating reaction

ODS

Oxide dispersion strengthened

PF-MGE

Plane parabolic flight microgravity environment

SEM

Scanning electron microscope

SHS

Self-propagating high temperature synthesis

SLS

Selective laser sintering

SPS

Spark plasma sintering

SRS

Shock-induced reaction synthesis

TACS

Thermally activated combustion synthesis

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Mechanical EngineeringSan Diego State UniversitySan DiegoUSA