Spectroscopic characterization of red perylimide/surfactant nanocomposites
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- Castiglione, F., Lanzani, G., Mele, A. et al. J Mater Sci (2011) 46: 6402. doi:10.1007/s10853-011-5589-2
Novel photoluminescent materials formed by some selected surfactants, metal derivatives of bis(2-ethylhexyl) sulfosuccinate (M(AOT)n; M = Na+, Co2+, Er3+ and Yb3+), bis(2-ethylhexyl) amine (BEEA), bis(2-ethylhexy1) phosphoric acid (HDEHP) and a 1:1 BEEA/HDEHP mixture, doped with the red perylimide (ROT-300) have been prepared, and their optical properties have been tested by absorption spectroscopy and steady state and time-resolved fluorescence. Experimental results show spectral shifts of the typical ROT-300 absorption and fluorescence bands with respect to that in apolar solvent medium. Data analysis leads consistently to attribute this feature mainly to the freezing of the diffusive movement of the dye molecules confined in the nanodomains of the surfactant liquid crystals, whilst minor effects can be due to interaction with the surfactant polar groups. Potentialities of these novel luminescent nanostructured composites as dye lasers, optical amplifiers and solar concentrators have been highlighted. In particular, under optical pumping using a pulse laser, amplified spontaneous fluorescence emission of the ROT-300/HDEHP system above an excitation energy threshold value of about 725 mJ cm−2 was observed.