Journal of Materials Science

, 45:287

The rapid solidification processing of materials: science, principles, technology, advances, and applications


DOI: 10.1007/s10853-009-3995-5

Cite this article as:
Lavernia, E.J. & Srivatsan, T.S. J Mater Sci (2010) 45: 287. doi:10.1007/s10853-009-3995-5


The purpose of this technical manuscript is to present an explanation of rapid solidification processing in an easily understandable manner so that the technique is widely accepted and put to commercial practice by many working in the industries of materials processing and manufacturing engineering. The comprehensive review article presents a comprehensive overview of the widely accepted and used rapid solidification processes. To better, understand rapid solidification in comparison with conventional solidification, the intrinsic aspects and types of nucleation and the kinetics governing nucleation and subsequent growth of the crystal during rapid solidification are presented and discussed. The commercially viable methods for the rapid solidification processing of metal-based and even intermetallic-based composites are presented. The technically viable methods for the consolidation of rapidly solidified powders are discussed. A succinct description of notable recent advances in the technique of spray processing is presented. In the last section of this article, we highlight the key findings of selected studies in the area of rapid solidification processing of advanced metallic, intermetallics, and composite materials that have helped to advance the processing technique for emerging applications that is synchronous with advances in technology.

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of California, DavisDavisUSA
  2. 2.Division of Materials Science and Engineering, Department of Mechanical EngineeringThe University of AkronAkronUSA