Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 44, Issue 11, pp 2774–2779

Electrochemical polymerizatıon of hexachloroethane to form poly(hydridocarbyne): a pre-ceramic polymer for diamond production


  • Yusuf Nur
    • Department of Polymer Science and TechnologyMiddle East Technical University
  • Halime M. Cengiz
    • Department of ChemistryMiddle East Technical University
  • Michael W. Pitcher
    • Applied Scintillation Technologies
    • Department of ChemistryMiddle East Technical University

DOI: 10.1007/s10853-009-3364-4

Cite this article as:
Nur, Y., Cengiz, H.M., Pitcher, M.W. et al. J Mater Sci (2009) 44: 2774. doi:10.1007/s10853-009-3364-4


Due to its structural similarity with diamond, poly(hydridocarbyne) (PHC), which is sp3-hybridized, is a unique polymer that can be easily converted to diamond and diamond-like-carbon ceramics upon heating. PHC can be easily synthesized via the electrochemical polymerization of chloroform as previously reported. Here, we report the electrosynthesis of PHC from hexachloroethane. Since hexachloroethane has six chlorine atoms in its structure, polymerization takes place through the carbons simultaneously. Thus, the polymer is bigger in chain length than PHC obtained from the polymerization of chloroform. UV-vis, FTIR, and NMR spectroscopy were utilized to determine the polymer structure. Conversion of the polymer to diamond was accomplished by heating at 1000 °C under a nitrogen atmosphere as confirmed by Optical Microscopy and Raman analysis. XRD studies showed that the product is an assortment of diamond forms.

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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009