Microstructure, electrical properties of CeO2-doped (K0.5Na0.5)NbO3 lead-free piezoelectric ceramics
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- Gao, D., Kwok, K.W., Lin, D. et al. J Mater Sci (2009) 44: 2466. doi:10.1007/s10853-009-3314-1
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CeO2-doped K0.5Na0.5NbO3 lead-free piezoelectric ceramics have been fabricated by a conventional ceramic fabrication technique. The ceramics retain the orthorhombic perovskite structure at low doping levels (<1 mol.%). Our results also demonstrate that the Ce-doping can suppress the grain growth, promote the densification, decrease the ferroelectric–paraelectric phase transition temperature (TC), and improve the dielectric and piezoelectric properties. For the ceramic doped with 0.75 mol.% CeO2, the dielectric and piezoelectric properties become optimum: piezoelectric coefficient d33 = 130 pC/N, planar electromechanical coupling coefficient kp = 0.38, relative permittivity εr = 820, and loss tangent tanδ = 3%.