The effect of caesium on barium hollandites studied by neutron diffraction and magic-angle spinning (MAS) nuclear magnetic resonance
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- Whittle, K.R., Ashbrook, S.E., Lumpkin, G.R. et al. J Mater Sci (2007) 42: 9379. doi:10.1007/s10853-007-1815-3
The structural effects of incorporating Cs into the monoclinic and tetragonal hollandites Ba1.2−xCsxMg1.2−x/2Ti6.8+x/2O16 and Ba1.2−xCsxAl2.4−xTi5.6+xO16 have been studied using powder neutron diffraction and 133Cs and 27Al MAS NMR. Addition of Cs to the monoclinic structure induces a ‘shear-type collapse’, in agreement with previously published results. NMR spectra show that the addition of Cs does not change the local structure around the Al cations within the tunnel walls. An algorithm is given that allows a prediction of unit cell parameters to be made for tetragonal hollandites containing barium.