Original Article

Journal of Logic, Language and Information

, Volume 16, Issue 3, pp 241-264

First online:

Scope control and grammatical dependencies

  • Alastair ButlerAffiliated withDepartment of English Language and Literature, National University of Singapore Email author 

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This paper develops a semantics with control over scope relations using Vermeulen’s stack valued assignments as information states. This makes available a limited form of scope reuse and name switching. The goal is to have a general system that fixes available scoping effects to those that are characteristic of natural language. The resulting system is called Scope Control Theory, since it provides a theory about what scope has to be like in natural language. The theory is shown to replicate a wide range of grammatical dependencies, including options for, and constraints on, ‘donkey’, ‘binding’, ‘movement’, ‘Control’ and ‘scope marking’ dependencies.


Grammatical dependencies Dynamic semantics Donkey anaphora Binding theory Control Movement Scope marking