Phase solubility and FTIR-ATR studies of idebenone/sulfobutyl ether β-cyclodextrin inclusion complex
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- Cannavà, C., Crupi, V., Guardo, M. et al. J Incl Phenom Macrocycl Chem (2013) 75: 255. doi:10.1007/s10847-012-0110-3
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The favourable accessibility offered by sulfobutyl ether β-cyclodextrin (SBE-β-CD) for the complexation with idebenone (IDE) has been probed, as a function of temperature, in liquid state, by phase solubility study, and, in solid state, by FTIR-ATR technique. The phase solubility results indicated the formation of a IDE/SBE-β-CD inclusion complex with 1:1 molar ratio (AL type diagram), whose apparent stability constants at T = 300, 310, and 320 K have been estimated according to the Higuchi–Connors method. The formation of the inclusion complex has been confirmed on a freeze-dried and a co-precipitated product by FTIR-ATR spectroscopy, monitoring the changes induced by complexation on some characteristic vibrational bands of IDE. Quantitative studies, performed in a wide T range, from T = 250 K to T = 340 K, allowed us to extract information on the effect of temperature on the different hydrogen-bonded environments involving host, guest, and crystallization water molecules. Again, complexation is proved to enhance the stability of the guest, at least in the explored T range.