Journal of Intelligent Information Systems

, Volume 36, Issue 1, pp 49-72

First online:

ST-Audit: guideline-based automatic auditing of electronic patient records

  • Cleo Zanella BillaAffiliated withInstitute of Computing, University of Campinas
  • , Jacques WainerAffiliated withInstitute of Computing, University of Campinas Email author 
  • , Claudia BarsottiniAffiliated withDepartment of Health Informatics, Federal University of Sao Paulo

Rent the article at a discount

Rent now

* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.

Get Access


This work presents the ST-Audit system that audits a patient record for conformance to a particular clinical guideline. The system uses ST-Guide which models a guideline as a set of states and transitions. The audit system tries to find a path in the state/transition diagram that corresponds to the actions taken by the physician, taking into consideration issues such as the unavailability of all the data needed to evaluate the transitions. The system was used to audit an outpatient clinic regarding their procedure for hypertension treatment (using the VI JNC guideline for hypertension), and the results of the number of non-compliant actions were presented and discussed. A follow up auditing showed a small but statistically significant reduction on the number of non-compliant actions for patients treated after the first audit.


Electronic patient record Automatic auditing Clinical guidelines