Journal of International Entrepreneurship

, Volume 8, Issue 4, pp 343–370

Internationalization as an entrepreneurial process


DOI: 10.1007/s10843-010-0064-8

Cite this article as:
Schweizer, R., Vahlne, J. & Johanson, J. J Int Entrep (2010) 8: 343. doi:10.1007/s10843-010-0064-8


When firms cross-borders it is, by definition, internationalization. We believe that often internationalization should be seen as either a by-product of a firm’s efforts to improve its position within its network or networks, or as the result of an entrepreneurial action. We consider three theoretical approaches as a starting point and breathe life into them with a rich case study. We suggest adjustments to Johanson and Vahlne’s business network internationalization process model, an update of the Uppsala internationalization process model, to emphasize the entrepreneurial aspects of the process.


InternationalizationEntrepreneurial processUncertaintyEffectuation

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Roger Schweizer
    • 1
  • Jan-Erik Vahlne
    • 1
  • Jan Johanson
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Business Administration, School of Business, Economics and LawUniversity of GothenburgGöteborgSweden
  2. 2.Department of Business StudiesUppsala University75120UppsalaSweden