, Volume 31, Issue 2, pp 228-240
Date: 24 Feb 2010

Work–Family Conflict and Fertility Intentions: Does Gender Matter?

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Fertility among employed women remains far below their desired preferences. Although research has shown that fertility intentions significantly predict subsequent behavior, little is known about the factors that contribute to intentions. We assess the impacts of perceived self and partner work-to-family and family-to-work conflict on the fertility intentions of both women and men. Using a national probability sample of men and women in dual-earner families (N = 630), we find that men’s perceptions of their wives’ work–family conflict significantly predict men’s fertility intentions, even though men’s own work–family conflict does not. Neither women’s own work–family conflict nor their perceptions of their husbands’ work–family conflict predicts women’s fertility intentions.

An earlier version of this article was presented at the 2005 annual meeting of the National Council on Family Relations.