Journal of Family and Economic Issues

, Volume 31, Issue 2, pp 228–240

Work–Family Conflict and Fertility Intentions: Does Gender Matter?


    • Department of Human Development and Family ScienceOklahoma State University
  • Amy E. Pirretti
    • Bright Futures Materials Development and Promotion Division of Developmental Pediatrics and Preventive ServicesAmerican Academy of Pediatrics
  • Robert Drago
    • Department of Labor Studies and Industrial RelationsThe Pennsylvania State University
Original Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s10834-010-9187-2

Cite this article as:
Shreffler, K.M., Pirretti, A.E. & Drago, R. J Fam Econ Iss (2010) 31: 228. doi:10.1007/s10834-010-9187-2


Fertility among employed women remains far below their desired preferences. Although research has shown that fertility intentions significantly predict subsequent behavior, little is known about the factors that contribute to intentions. We assess the impacts of perceived self and partner work-to-family and family-to-work conflict on the fertility intentions of both women and men. Using a national probability sample of men and women in dual-earner families (N = 630), we find that men’s perceptions of their wives’ work–family conflict significantly predict men’s fertility intentions, even though men’s own work–family conflict does not. Neither women’s own work–family conflict nor their perceptions of their husbands’ work–family conflict predicts women’s fertility intentions.


Work–family conflictFertility intentionsDual-earner couples

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010