The Impact of Socio-economic Status and Mobility on Perceived Family Functioning
Purchase on Springer.com
$39.95 / €34.95 / £29.95*
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.
Perceptions of current family functioning in relation to current household income level, educational status, social-class at birth and social mobility over the lifecourse were investigated in a group of 483 individuals at age 50. Subjective report of family functioning was assessed using the McMaster Family Assessment Device (FAD) with socio-economic information obtained from a self-report Health and Lifestyle Questionnaire. Results indicated significant relationships between household income, social mobility and FAD scores for men but not for women in this sample. For men, lower current income and downward social mobility over the lifecourse were associated with a more negative perception of family functioning. Further research is required to understand the gender differences observed and delineate cause versus effect mechanisms.
Supplementary Material (0)
- Abbott, D. A., Sharma, S., & Verma, S. (2004). The emotional environment of families experiencing chronic poverty in India. Journal of Family and Economic Issues, 25(3), 387–409. CrossRef
- Amarapurkar, S. S., & Danes, S. M. (2005). Farm business-owning couples: Interrelationships among business tensions, relationship conflict quality, and spousal satisfaction. Journal of Family and Economic Issues, 26(3), 419–441. CrossRef
- Baer, J. (1999). The effects of family structure and SES on family process in early adolescence. Journal of Adolescence, 22(3), 341–354. CrossRef
- Beiser, M., Sack, W., Manson, S. M., Redshirt, R., & Dion, R. (1998). Mental health and the academic performance of first nations and majority-culture children. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 68(3), 455–467. CrossRef
- Bronfenbrenner, U. (1979). The ecology of human development. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
- Byles, J., Byrne, C., Boyle, M. H., & Offord, D. R. (1988). Ontario child health study: Reliability and validity of the general functioning subscale of the McMaster Family Assessment Device. Family Process, 27(1), 97–104. CrossRef
- Costello, E. J., Compton, S. N., Keeler, G., & Angold, A. (2003). Relationships between poverty and psychopathology: A natural experiment. Journal of the American Medical Association, 290(15), 2023–2029. CrossRef
- Clark, A. F., Barrett, L., & Kolvin, I. (2000). Inner city disadvantage and family functioning. European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 9(2), 77–83. CrossRef
- Cuzick, J. (1985). A Wilcoxon-type test for trend. Statistics in Medicine, 4(1), 87–90. CrossRef
- Epstein, N. B., Baldwin, L. M., & Bishop, D. S. (1983). The McMaster Family Assessment Device. Journal of Marital and Family Therapy, 9(2), 171–180. CrossRef
- Epstein, N. B., Bishop, D. S., & Levin, S. (1978). McMaster Model of Family Functioning. Journal of Marriage and Family Counseling, 4(4), 19–31. CrossRef
- Finke, M. S., Huston, S. J., & Sharpe, D. L. (2006). Balance sheets of early boomers: Are they different from pre-boomers? Journal of Family and Economic Issues, 27(3), 542–561. CrossRef
- Hollinshead, A. B., & Redlich, F. C. (1958). Social class and mental illness: A community study. New York: Wiley.
- Lamont, D. W., Parker, L., Cohen, M. A., White, M., Bennett, S. M., Unwin, N. C., et al. (1998). Early life and later determinants of adult disease: A 50 year follow-up study of the Newcastle Thousand Families cohort. Public Health, 112(2), 85–93.
- Maziade, M., Bernier, H., Thivierge, J., & Cote, R. (1987). The relationship between family functioning and demographic characteristics in an epidemiological study. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry—Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie, 32(7), 526–533.
- Meyers, S. A., Varkey, S., & Aguirre, A. M. (2002). Ecological correlates of family functioning. American Journal of Family Therapy, 30(3), 257–273. CrossRef
- Miech, R. A., Caspi, A., Moffitt, T. E., Wright, B. E., & Silva, P. A. (1999). Low socio-economic status and mental disorders: A longitudinal study of causation and selection. American Journal of Sociology, 104(4), 1096–1131. CrossRef
- Miller, F. J. W., Court, S. D. M., Walton, W. S., & Knox, E. G. (1960). Growing up in Newcastle-upon-Tyne. London: Oxford University Press.
- Miller, I. W., Epstein, N. B., Bishop, D. S., & Keitner, G. I. (1985). The McMaster Family Assessment Device: Reliability and validity. Journal of Marital and Family Therapy, 11(4), 345–356. CrossRef
- Moos, R. H. (1974). Combined preliminary manual: Family, work and group environment scales. Palo Alto: Consulting Psychology Press.
- Moos, R. H., & Moos, B. S. (1986). Family Environment Scale manual (2nd ed.). Palo Alto: Consulting Psychology Press.
- Olson, D. H., McCubbin, H., Barnes, H., Larsen, A., Moxen, M., & Wilson, M. (1982). Family inventories. St. Paul, MN: University of Minnesota.
- Olson, D. H., Portner, J., & Lavee, Y. (1985). Faces III—Family adaptability and Cohesion Scales. St. Paul, MN: University of Minnesota.
- Owen, A. J., Rowe, B. R., & Gritzmacher, J. E. (1992). Building family functioning scales into the study of at-home income generation. Journal of Family and Economic Issues, 13(3), 299–313. CrossRef
- Parker, L., Lamont, D. W., Unwin, N., Pearce, M. S., Bennett, S. M., Dickinson, H. O., et al. (2003). A lifecourse study of risk for hyperinsulinaemia, dyslipidaemia and obesity (the central metabolic syndrome) at age 49–51 years. Diabetic Medicine, 20(5), 406–415. CrossRef
- Ridenour, T. A., Daley, J. G., & Reich, W. (1999). Factor analyses of the Family Assessment Device. Family Process, 38(4), 497–510. CrossRef
- Roelofse, R., & Middleton, M. R. (1985). The Family functioning in adolescence questionnaire: A measure of psychosocial family health during adolescence. Journal of Adolescence, 8(1), 33–45. CrossRef
- Rutter, M. (1989). Pathways from childhood to adult life. Journal of Child Psychology & Psychiatry & Allied Disciplines, 30(1), 23–51. CrossRef
- Sawyer, M. G., & Sarris, A. (1988). Family Assessment Device: Reports from mothers, fathers and adolescents in community and clinic families. Journal of Marital and Family Therapy, 14(3), 287–296. CrossRef
- Stata (2002). Intercooled Stata for Windows (Version 7.0). College Station, TX: Stata Corporation.
- Takyi, B. K., & Broughton, C. L. (2006). Marital stability in Sub-Saharan Africa: Do women’s autonomy and socioeconomic situation matter? Journal of Family and Economic Issues, 27(1), 113–132. CrossRef
- Tiffin, P. A., Pearce, M. S., & Parker, L. (2005). Social mobility over the lifecourse and self-reported mental health at age 50: Prospective cohort study. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health, 59(10), 870–872. CrossRef
- Van den Troost, A., Vermulst, A. A., Gerris, J. R. M., Matthijs, K., & Welkenhuysen-Gybels, J. (2006). Effects of spousal economic and cultural factors on Dutch marital satisfaction. Journal of Family and Economic Issues, 27(2), 235–262. CrossRef
- Vescio, M. F., Smith, G. D., Giampaoli, S., & Group, M. R. (2003). Socio-economic position overall and cause-specific mortality in an Italian rural population. European Journal of Epidemiology, 18(11), 1051–1058. CrossRef
- Wells, K. B., Kamberg, C., Brook, R., Camp, P., & Rogers, W. (1985). Health status, sociodemographic factors and the use of prescribed psychotropic drugs. Medical Care, 23(11), 1295–1306. CrossRef
- Wender, P. H., Rosenthal, D., Kety, S. S., Schulsinger, F., & Welner, J. (1973). Social class and psychopathology in adoptees: A natural experimental method for separating the roles of genetic and experimental factors. Archives of General Psychiatry, 28(3), 318–325.
- Wilhelm K., Brownhill S., & Boyce, P. (2000). Marital and family functioning: Different measures and viewpoints. Social Psychiatry & Psychiatric Epidemiology, 35(8), 358–365. CrossRef
About this Article
- The Impact of Socio-economic Status and Mobility on Perceived Family Functioning
Journal of Family and Economic Issues
Volume 28, Issue 4 , pp 653-667
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Springer US
- Additional Links
- Family functioning
- Social mobility
- Socio-economic status
- Industry Sectors
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Tees, Esk and Wear Valleys NHS Trust, The Newberry Centre, West Lane Hospital, Middlesbrough, TS5 4EE, UK
- 2. Paediatric and Lifecourse Epidemiology Research Group, Child Health, School of Clinical Medical Sciences, University of Newcastle upon Tyne, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, NE1 4LP, UK
- 3. The Fleming Nuffield Unit for Child and Family Psychiatry, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, NE2 3AE, UK
- 4. Community Health and Epidemiology, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, Canada, B3H 3J5