Journal of Family and Economic Issues

, Volume 28, Issue 1, pp 151–170

Migration Decisions of Dual-earner Families: An Application of Multilevel Modeling

Original Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s10834-006-9046-3

Cite this article as:
Swain, L.L. & Garasky, S. J Fam Econ Iss (2007) 28: 151. doi:10.1007/s10834-006-9046-3


A comprehensive framework for guiding analyses of internal migration is lacking. This study contributes to the family migration literature in three important ways. We develop a multilevel theoretical framework emphasizing an integration of individual-, family-, and neighborhood-level effects; introduce multilevel statistical modeling; and explicitly assess how effects of economic-based explanatory variables vary by gender. Our data are from the Panel Study of Income Dynamics (PSID). We find that the likelihood of a family migrating is affected by economic and non-economic factors, some of which vary by gender. We add to the dual-earner migration literature by finding that wives are not likely to be tied-movers, but husbands are likely to be tied-stayers. Neighborhood factors also are important to the decision to migrate.


Dual-earner familiesInternal migrationMigrationMultilevel modelingPanel Study of Income Dynamics

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.National City CorporationHighland HillsUSA
  2. 2.Department of Human Development and Family StudiesIowa State UniversityAmesUSA