Farm Business-Owning Couples: Interrelationships among Business Tensions, Relationship Conflict Quality, and Spousal Satisfaction Article DOI:
Cite this article as: Amarapurkar, S.S. & Danes, S.M. J Fam Econ Iss (2005) 26: 419. doi:10.1007/s10834-005-5905-6 Abstract
The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationships among business tensions, relationship conflict quality, and satisfaction with spouse for 206 farm business-owning couples. The Sustainable Family Business Model and the Family FIRO (Fundamental Interpersonal Relations Orientation) model guided the path analysis. For both husbands and wives, locus of control was negatively related to business tensions; decision involvement discrepancy was positively related to relationship conflict quality; and business tensions were negatively related to relationship conflict quality. For husbands, relationship conflict quality was positively related to satisfaction with spouse; for wives, business tensions were negatively related to satisfaction with business-owning spouse.
Key words family business farm couples FIRO relationship conflict spousal satisfaction
This material is based on work supported by the Cooperative State Research, Education, and Extension Service, US Department of Agriculture under Agreement No. 95-37401-1820. Any opinion, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the view of the US Department of Agriculture.
References Acock, A. C., Deseran, F. A. 1986 Off-farm employment by women and marital instability Rural Sociology 51 314 327 Google Scholar Alwin, D. F., Hauser, R. M. 1981 The decomposition of effects of path analysis Marsden, P. V. eds. Linear Models in Social Research Sage Beverly Hills, CA 123 140 Google Scholar Berkowitz, A. D., Perkins, H. W. 1984 Stress among farm women: Work and family as interacting systems Journal of Marriage and the Family 46 161 166 Google Scholar Berry, R. E., Williams, F. L. 1987 Assessing the relationship between quality of life and marital and income satisfaction: A path analytic approach Journal of Marriage and the Family 49 107 116 Google Scholar Bokemeier, J., Maurer, R. 1987 Marital quality and conjugal labor involvement of rural couples Family Relations 36 417 424 Google Scholar Bugaighis, J. A., Schumm, W. R. 1983 Alternative measures of perceived locus of control Psychological Reports 52 819 823 Google Scholar Busby, B. 1977 The contribution of conflict analysis to home management theory Journal of Consumer studies and Home Economics 1 289 297 Google Scholar Christensen, A., Shenk, J. L. 1991 Communication, conflict, and psychological distance in nondistressed, clinic, and divorcing couples Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 59 458 463 CrossRef PubMed Google Scholar Cosier, R. A., Harvey, M. 1998 The hidden strengths in family business: Functional conflict Family Business Review 11 75 79 CrossRef Google Scholar Coughenour, C. M., Swanson, L. 1983 Work statuses and occupations of men and women in farm families and the structure of farms Rural Sociology 48 23 43 Google Scholar
Danes, S. M. (1997). Farm family businesses: Summary of research. Minnesota Rural Family Business Survey. Retrieved January, 3, 2003, from University of Minnesota Extension Service Web site:
Danes, S. M., & Amarapurkar, S. (2001). Business tensions and success in farm family
The Journal of Family Relations and Human Development/Family Economics and Resource Management Biennial, FERM: AAFCS 178–190. Danes, S. M., Leichtentritt, R., Metz, M. E., Huddleston-Casas, C. 2000 Effects of conflict styles and conflict severity Journal of Family and Economic Issues 21 259 286 CrossRef Google Scholar Danes, S. M., McTavish, D. 1997 Role involvement of farm women Journal of Family and Economic Issues 18 69 89 CrossRef Google Scholar Danes, S. M., Olson, P. D. 2003 Women’s role involvement in family businesses, business tensions, and business success Family Business Review 16 53 68 CrossRef Google Scholar Danes, S. M., Rettig, K. D. 1993 Farm wives’ business and household decision involvement in times of economic stress Home Economics Research Journal 21 307 333 Google Scholar Danes, S. M., Rueter, M. A., Kwon, H. K., Doherty, W. D. 2002 Family FIRO model: An application to family business Family Business Review 15 31 43 CrossRef Google Scholar Danes, S. M., Zuiker, V., Kean, R., Arbuthnot, J. 1999 Predictors of family business tensions and goal acheivements Family Business Review 12 241 252 CrossRef Google Scholar Davis-Brown, K., Salamon, S. 1987 Farm families in crisis: An application of stress theory to farm family research Family Relations 36 368 373 Google Scholar Doherty, W. J. 1983 Locus of control and marital interaction Lefcourt, H. M. eds. Research with Locus of Control Construct, Vol 2. Methods and Applications Academic Press New York 245 277 Google Scholar Doherty, W. J., Colangelo, N., Hovander, D. 1991 Priority setting in family change and clinical practice: The family FIRO model Family process 30 227 240 CrossRef PubMed Google Scholar Doherty, W. J., Ryder, R. G. 1979 Locus of control, interpersonal trust, and assertive behavior among newly weds Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 37 2212 2220 CrossRef Google Scholar Emery, R. E. 1992 Family conflicts and their developmental implications: A conceptual analysis of meanings for the structure of relationships Shantz, C. U. Hartup, W. W. eds. Conflict in Child and Adolescent Development Cambridge University Press New York 270 298 Google Scholar Frishkoff, P. A., Brown, B. M. 1996 Women on the move in family business Aronoff, C. E. Astrachan, J. H. Ward, J. L. eds. Family and Business Sourcebook II Business Resources Marietta, GA 446 450 Google Scholar Gano-Phillips, S., Fincham, F. D. 1995 Family conflict, divorce, and children’s adjustment Fitzpatrick, M. A. Vangelisti, A. L. eds. Explaining Family Interactions Sage Thousand Oaks 206 231 Google Scholar Godwin, D. D., Draughn, P. S., Little, L. F., Marlowe, J. 1991 Wives’ off-farm employment, farm family economic status, and family relationships Journal of Marriage and the Family 53 389 402 Google Scholar Gottman, J. M., Krokoff, L. J. 1989 Marital interaction and satisfaction: A longitudinal view Journal of Counseling and Clinical Psychology 57 47 52 CrossRef Google Scholar Gottman, J. M., Levenson, R. W. 1992 Marital processes predictive of later dissolution: Behavior, physiology and health Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 63 221 233 CrossRef PubMed Google Scholar Greeff, A. P., Bruyne, T. 2000 Conflict management styles and marital satisfaction Journal of Sex Marital Therapy 26 321 334 CrossRef PubMed Google Scholar Greenberger, E., O’Neil, R. 1993 Spouse, parent, worker: Role commitment and role related experiences in the construction of adults’ well-being Developmental Psychology 29 181 197 CrossRef Google Scholar Hollander, B. S., Bukowitz, W. R. 2002 Women, family culture, and family business Aronoff, C. E. Astrachan, J. H Ward, J. L. eds. Family and Business Sourcebook II Business Resources Marietta, GA 497 505 Google Scholar Karney, B. R., Bradbury, T. N. 1995 The longitudinal course of marital quality and stability: A review of theory, method and research Psychological Bulletin 118 3 34 PubMed Google Scholar Kaye, K. 2002 Penetrating the cycle of sustained conflict Aronoff, C. E. Astrachan, J. H. Ward, J. L. eds. Family and Business Sourcebook II Business Resources Marietta, GA 355 370 Google Scholar Larsen, A., Olson, D. H. 1990 Capturing the complexity of family systems: Integrating family theory, family scores, and family analysis Draper, T. W. Marcos, A. C. eds. Family Variables: Conceptualization, Measurement, and Use Sage Newbury Park 19 47 Google Scholar Lyson, T. A. 1985 Husband and wife work roles and the organization and operation of family farms Journal of Marriage and the Family 47 759 764 Google Scholar Maguire, M. C. 1999 Treating the dyad as the unit of analysis: A primer on three analytic approaches Journal of Marriage and the Family 61 213 223 Google Scholar McCoy, M., Filson, G. 1996 Working off the farm: Impacts on quality of Life Social Indicators Research 37 149 163 CrossRef Google Scholar Metz, M. E. 1993The styles of conflict inventory (SCI) Consulting Psychologists Press Palo Alto, CA Google Scholar Metz, M. E. 1995 Some results from empirical studies of couples conflict resolution Minnesota Association for Marital and Family Therapy Newsletter 13 4 5 Google Scholar Metz, M. E., Dwyer, M. 1993 Relationship conflict management patterns among sex dysfunction, sex offender, and satisfied couples Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy 19 104 122 PubMed Google Scholar Metz, M. E., Epstein, N. 2001 Assessing the role of relationship conflict in sexual dysfunction Journal of Sex Marital Therapy 28 139 164 CrossRef Google Scholar Metz, M. E., Rosser, B. R. .S., Strapko, N. 1994 Differences in conflict-resolution styles among heterosexual, gay, and lesbian couples The Journal of Sex Research 31 293 308 Google Scholar Miller, P. C., Lefcourt, H. M., Ware, E. E. 1983 The construction and development of the Miller Marital Locus of Control Scale Canadian Journal of Behavioral science 15 266 279 Google Scholar Nelson, G. 1991 Locus of control for successful female small business proprieters The Mid-Atlantic Journal of Business 27 213 224 Google Scholar O’Neil, R., Greenberger, E. 1994 Patterns of commitment to work and parenting: Implications for role-strain Journal of Marriage and the Family 56 101 118 Google Scholar Rosenblatt, P. 1990Farming is in our blood: Farm families in economic crisis Iowa State University Press Ames, IA Google Scholar Rosenblatt, P. 1991 The interplay of family system and business system in family farms during economic recession Family Business Review 4 45 57 CrossRef Google Scholar Rosenblatt, P. C., Mik, L., Anderson, R. M., Johnson, P. A. 1985The Family in Business Jossey-Bass San Francisco Google Scholar Rusbult, C. E., Verette, J., Whitney, G. A., Slovik, L. F., Lipkus, I. 1991 Accommodation processes in close relationships: Theory and preliminary empirical evidence Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 60 53 78 CrossRef Google Scholar Sabatelli, R. M. 1986 Locus of control, locus of control differences, and quality of relationship in married dyads Psychological Reports 58 939 945 Google Scholar Sontag, M. S., Bubolz, M. M. 1996Families on small farms Michigan State University Press East Lansing, MI Google Scholar Stafford, K., Duncan, K. A., Danes, S. M., Winter, M. 1999 A research model of sustainable family businesses Family Business Review 12 197 208 CrossRef Google Scholar Stewart, C. C., Danes, S. M. 2001 The relationships between inclusion and control in resort family businesses: A developmental approach to conflict Journal of Family and Economic Issues 22 293 320 CrossRef Google Scholar Swisher, R. R., Elder, G. H., Jr., Lorenz, F. O., Conger, R. D. 1998 The long arm of the farm: How an occupation structures exposure and vulnerability to stressors across role domains Journal of Health and Social Behavior 39 72 89 PubMed Google Scholar Thompson, L., Walker, A. J. 1982 The dyad as the unit of analysis. Conceptual and methodological issues Journal of Marriage and the Family 44 889 900 Google Scholar Vanzetti, N. A., Notarius, C. I., NeeSmith, D. 1992 Specific and generalized expectancies in marital interaction Journal of Family Psychology 6 171 183 CrossRef Google Scholar Ward, J. L. 1997Keeping the family business healthy: How to plan for continuing growth, profitability, and family leadership Business owners Resources Marietta, GA Google Scholar Ward, J. L., Aronoff, C. E. 1994 Managing family-business conflict Nations Business November 54 55 Google Scholar Weegel, D. J., Weigel, R. R., Berger, P. S., Cook, A. S., DelCampo, R. 1995 Work-family conflict and the quality of family life: Specifying linking mechanisms Family and consumer sciences research journal 24 5 28 Google Scholar Wilkening, E. A. 1981 Farm families and family farming Coward, R. T. Smith, W. M. eds. The Family in Rural Society Westview Press Boulder, CO 27 37 Google Scholar Yanagisako, S. J. 1984 Explicating residence: A cultural analysis of changing households among Japanese Americans Netting, R. M. Wilk, R. R. Arnould, E. J. eds. Households: Comparative and Historical Studies of the Domestic Group University of California Press Berkeley 330 352 Google Scholar Zook, L. 1988 Gender Role changes in Farm Families Human Services in Rural Environment 11 7 9 Google Scholar Copyright information
© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2005