Journal of Educational Change

, Volume 12, Issue 4, pp 385-401

First online:

Open Access This content is freely available online to anyone, anywhere at any time.

Communities of development: A new model for R&D work

  • May Britt PostholmAffiliated withProgramme for Teacher Education, Norwegian University of Science and Technology Email author 
  • , Torill MoenAffiliated withDepartment of Education, Norwegian University of Science and Technology


This article provides the reader with insight into what research and development (R&D) work specifically entails. The various stages in development processes are described from the research question and analyses that have current practice as the point of departure to consolidation and new practice based on the testing of concrete teaching programs. This article also illuminates the “R” in R&D work. A thorough review is given of how the development processes can be explored by having a meta-perspective on concrete practice. A number of models have been developed to visualize development and research. We introduce our own R&D model in the article which is a very accessible way of presenting the various processes within the stages and levels of R&D work. The article ends by pointing out the importance that focused research questions have for R&D work and how the model can be a tool for researchers cooperating with teachers in communities of development.


Research and development work Development process Research process New model for R&D work