, Volume 28, Issue 1, pp 1-9
Date: 02 Dec 2011

Magnetic properties of Ni-Zn ferrites prepared by microwave sintering method

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Abstract

The effect of zinc ion substitution for nickel on structural and magnetic properties of NiZn ferrites is reported. The spinel ferrite system Ni1-xZnxFe2O4 with x = 0.2, 0.3, 0.4 and 0.5 was prepared by microwave sintering method. The uniaxially pressed samples were sintered at various temperatures such as 900°C, 1000°C and 1100°C for 30 min. X-ray diffraction patterns of the samples indicate the formation of single-phase cubic spinel structure. SEM micrographs show that grain size increases with increasing zinc content and sintering temperature. The elemental composition of these ferrites was analyzed by EDS. Lattice constant increases with increase in zinc content, obeying Vegard’s law. The effect of composition and sintering temperature on initial permeability as the function of frequency and temperature was studied. The initial permeability of NiZn ferrite increases greatly with increasing Zn content and sintering temperature. The dependence of initial permeability with respect to temperature shows the decrease in the Curie point with increase in zinc content, is the normal behavior of ferrites. The relative loss factor \( ({{{\tan \delta }} \left/ {{{\mu_i}}} \right.}) \) of the order of 10−2 to 10−5 in the frequency range from 100 Hz to 1 MHz indicates that the prepared ferrites have relatively high purity.