Position sensitivity in Nagasaki Japanese prosody
- Toshio Matsuura
- … show all 1 hide
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.Get Access
This paper investigates tonal phenomena in Nagasaki Japanese (NJ), especially in loanwords, and argues that the pitch accent system of NJ is sensitive to the position of pitch fall rather than the presence vs. absence of pitch fall. There are two types of tonal patterns that may occur in an NJ word: Type A tone (a fall pitch pattern) and Type B tone (a non-fall pitch pattern). Previous studies on ongoing tonal changes in Kagoshima Japanese (KJ), which has a tonal system similar to that of NJ, revealed that accented words in Tokyo Japanese (TJ) are realized as Type A tones and unaccented words in TJ are realized as Type B tones in KJ. In contrast, a loanword in NJ is realized as a Type A tone if the loanword is accented on either of the first two morae in TJ; otherwise the loanword is realized as a Type B tone in NJ. This paper proposes that both NJ and KJ speakers have TJ forms as input, but only NJ speakers delete an accent on the third or later mora during the adaptation process. The proposal accounts for the tonal neutralization of compounds in NJ, which occurs when the first member contains three or more morae.
- Amano, Nariaki, and Kimihisa Kondo. 1999. Nihongo-no goitokusei [Lexical properties of Japanese]. Tokyo: Sanseido.
- Hayes, Bruce. (1995) Metrical stress theory: Principles and case studies. University of Chicago Press, Chicago
- Hirayama, Teruo. 1951. Kyuusyuu-hoogen ontyoo-no kenkyuu [Studies in the accent of Kyushu dialects]. Tokyo: Gakkai-no shishin-sha.
- Kibe, Nobuko. 2000. Seinanbu-Kyuusyuu nikei-akusento-no kenkyuu [Studies of two-pattern prosody dialects in south-western part of Kyushu]. Tokyo: Bensei Publishers.
- Kibe, Nobuko., Yuko, Hashimoto. (2003) Kagosimasi-hoogen-no gairaigo-no ontyoo [Tone of loanwords in Kagoshima Japanese]. Journal of Phonetic Society of Japan 7: pp. 92-100
- Kindaichi, Kyosuke, Takeshi Shibata, Akio Yamada, and Tadao Yamada. Eds. 1989. Sinmeikai Japanese dictionary. Tokyo: Sanseido.
- Kubozono, Haruo. (1995) Constraint interaction in Japanese phonology: Evidence from compound accent. Phonology at Santa Cruz 4: pp. 21-38
- Kubozono, Haruo. (1996) Syllable and accent: Evidence from loanword accentuations. The bulletin (Journal of the phonetic society of Japan) 211: pp. 71-82
- Kubozono, Haruo. (2006) Where does loanword prosody come from? A case study of Japanese loanword accent. Lingua 116: pp. 1140-1170 CrossRef
- Kubozono, Haruo. forthcoming. Tonal change in language contact: Evidence from Kagoshima Japanese. To appear in Tone and tunes: Studies in word and sentence prosody. ed. Gussenhoven, Carlos and Tomas Riad. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
- Matsuura, Toshio. (2008) Nagasaki-hoogen-niokeru reigaiteki-hukugoogo-akusento-no seikizyooken [A condition on the occurrence of exceptional compound accent patterns in Nagasaki Japanese]. Phonological Studies 11: pp. 11-18
- McCawley, James D. (1968) The phonological component of a grammar of Japanese. Mouton, The Hague
- Mori, Maiko. 2004. Nagasaki-hoogen-niokeru gairaigo-akusento-no kenkyuu [A study of loanword accent in Nagasaki Japanese]. Graduation thesis, Kagoshima University.
- Polivanov, E.J. 1928. Vvedenie v iazûkoznanie dlia vostokovednûh vuzov [Introduction to linguistics for students of orientalism]. Leningrad.
- Sakaguchi, Itaru. (2001) Nagasaki-hoogen-no akusento [Accentual system of the Nagasaki dialect]. Journal of the Phonetic Society of Japan 5: pp. 33-41
- Sakimura, Hirofumi. (2002) Kyuusyuu-seigan nikei-ontyoo-hoogen-no kihonteki-ontyookei-o megutte [On basic tone pattern in tone dialect of western coast Kyushu]. Bulletin of Faculty of Literature: Intercultural Studies, Kurume University 19: pp. 27-43
- Sato, Hirokazu. 1988. Accent placement of Japanese loanwords. In Proceedings of the Second Symposium on Advanced Man-machine Interface through Spoken Language, 2-1–2-8.
- Sibata, Takesi. 1994. Gairaigo-niokeru akusento-kaku-no iti [On the location of accent in loanwords]. In Gendaigo hoogen-no kenkyuu [Studies on modern dialects], ed. Kiyoji Sato, 338–418. Tokyo: Meiji Shoin.
- Position sensitivity in Nagasaki Japanese prosody
Journal of East Asian Linguistics
Volume 17, Issue 4 , pp 381-397
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Springer Netherlands
- Additional Links
- Nagasaki Japanese
- Toshio Matsuura (1)
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Center for the Study of Language Performance, Faculty of Humanities, Kyushu University, 6-19-1, Hakozaki, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka, 812-8581, Japan