The Journal of Comparative Germanic Linguistics

, Volume 13, Issue 3, pp 225–268

Demonstrative-reinforcer constructions

Original Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s10828-010-9038-4

Cite this article as:
Roehrs, D. J Comp German Linguistics (2010) 13: 225. doi:10.1007/s10828-010-9038-4


This paper investigates the demonstrative-reinforcer construction, combinations of a demonstrative and a (usually) adverbial element, in the different Germanic and Romance languages. Documenting that there are four different types, I argue that demonstratives are phrasal elements that are merged in the Specifier position of an intermediate phrase. Depending in part on the different inner makeup, demonstratives may or must move to Spec,DP. Furthermore, reinforcers come in two types: ‘bare’ reinforcers are merged in the same Specifier as demonstratives; PP-reinforcers are right-adjoined. Assuming that there is no Subextraction out of Specifiers or Adjuncts, we can also explain a number of patterns that, although logically conceivable, do not occur in any language.


Demonstratives DP-internal adverbs Extended projections Complex Specifiers Right adjunction Roll-up movement DP structure 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Foreign Languages and LiteraturesUniversity of North TexasDentonUSA

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