Television Viewing and Televisions in Bedrooms: Perceptions of Racial/Ethnic Minority Parents of Young Children
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.Get Access
Understanding parents’ perceptions of their young children’s viewing behaviors and environments is critical to the development of effective television reduction interventions. To explore parents’ attitudes, perceptions, and experiences regarding their children’s television viewing and the use of televisions in their children’s bedrooms, we conducted focus groups with 74 racial/ethnic minority parents of children aged birth to 5 years. We analyzed transcripts of the focus group discussions using immersion-crystallization. Over 50 % of parents reported that their children watch more than 2 h of television per day and 64 % reported that their children have a television in their bedrooms. In general, parents were unconcerned about the amount of television their children watched. However, parents did express concern about the content of their children’s viewing. Discussion of potential harmful effects of television viewing focused mainly on the impact television viewing may have on children’s behavior and academic outcomes and only rarely on a concern about weight. Most parents were unaware of adverse consequences associated with children having a television in their bedroom and many reported that having a television in their child’s bedroom helped keep their child occupied. To effectively engage parents of young children, television reduction interventions should include messages that address parents’ key concerns regarding their children’s viewing and should provide parents with alternative activities to keep children occupied.
- Adachi-Mejia, A. M., Longacre, M. R., Gibson, J. J., Beach, M. L., Titus-Ernstoff, L. T., & Dalton, M. A. (2007). Children with a TV in their bedroom at higher risk for being overweight. International Journal of Obesity, 31, 644–651.
- American Academy of Pediatrics, Committee on Public Education. (2001). Children, adolescents and television. Pediatrics, 107, 423–426. CrossRef
- Borkan, J. (1999). Immersion/crystallization. In B. Crabtree (Ed.), Doing qualitative research (pp. 179–194). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.
- Cambridge Middle Grades Health Survey (2007). Retrieved from:http://www2.cambridgema.gov/DHSP2/cpcinfo.cfm?tnltext=Health%20Surveys.
- Cohen, D. J., & Crabtree, B. F. (2008). Evaluative criteria for qualitative research in health care: Controversies and recommendations. Annals of Family Medicine, 6, 331–339. CrossRef
- Dennison, B. A., Erb, T. A., & Jenkins, P. L. (2002). Television viewing and television in bedroom associated with overweight risk among low-income preschool children. Pediatrics, 109, 1028–1035. CrossRef
- He, M., Irwin, J. D., Sangster Bouck, L. M., Tucker, P., & Pollett, G. L. (2005). Screen viewing behaviors among preschoolers: Parents perceptions. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 29, 120–125. CrossRef
- Holliday, A. (2002). Doing and writing qualitative research. London, UK: Sage.
- Irwin, J. D., He, M., Sangster Bouck, L. M., Tucker, P., & Pollett, G. L. (2005). Preschooler’s physical activity: Parents perceptions. Canadian Journal of Public Health, 96, 299–303.
- Johnson, J. G., Cohen, P., Kasen, S., & Brook, J. S. (2007). Extensive television viewing and the development of attention and learning difficulties during adolescence. Archives of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine, 161, 480–486. CrossRef
- Krueger, R. (1994). Focus groups: A practical guide for applied research. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.
- Kuzel, A. (1999). Sampling in qualitative inquiry. In B. Crabtree (Ed.), Doing qualitative research (pp. 33–46). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.
- Lumeng, J. C., Rahnama, S., Appugliese, D., Kaciroti, N., & Bradley, R. H. (2006). Television exposure and overweight risk in preschoolers. Archives of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine, 160, 417–422. CrossRef
- Malterud, K. (2001). Qualitative research: Standards, challenges, and guidelines. The Lancet, 358, 483–488. CrossRef
- Mays, N., & Pope, C. (1995). Qualitative research: Rigour and qualitative research. British Medical Journal, 311, 109–112. CrossRef
- Owens, J., Maxim, R., McGuinn, M., Nobile, C., Msall, M., & Alario, A. (1999). Television-viewing habits and sleep disturbance in school children. Pediatrics, 104, e27. CrossRef
- Rideout, V. J., Vandewater, E. A., & Wartella, E. A. (2005). Zero to six: Electronic media in the lives of infants, toddlers and preschoolers. Washington, DC: The Henry J Kaiser Family Foundation.
- Saelens, B. E., Sallis, J. F., Nader, P. R., Broyles, S. L., Berry, C. C., & Taras, H. L. (2002). Home environmental influences on children’s television watching from early to middle childhood. Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics, 23, 127–132. CrossRef
- Schmidt, M., Haines, J., O’Brien, A., McDonald, J., Price, S., Sherry, B., et al. (2012). Systematic review of effective strategies for reducing screen time among young children. Obesity, 20, 1338–1354. CrossRef
- Sisson, S. B., Broyles, S. T., Newton, R. L., Baker, B. L., & Chernausek, S. D. (2011). TVs in the bedrooms of children: Does it impact health and behavior? Preventive Medicine, 52, 104–108. CrossRef
- Taveras, E. M., Hohman, K. H., Price, S., Gortmaker, S. L., & Sonneville, K. (2009). Televisions in the bedrooms of racial/ethnic minority children: How did they get there and how do we get them out? Clinical Pediatrics, 48, 715–719. CrossRef
- Thompson, D. A., & Christakis, D. A. (2005). The association between television viewing and irregular sleep schedules among children <3 years of age. Pediatrics, 116, 851–856. CrossRef
- Vandewater, E. A., Rideout, V. J., Wartella, E. A., Huang, X., Lee, J. H., & Shim, M. S. (2007). Digital childhood: Electronic media and technology use among infants, toddlers, and preschoolers. Pediatrics, 119, e1006–e1015. CrossRef
- Wiecha, J. L., Sobol, A. M., Peterson, K. E., & Gortmaker, S. L. (2001). Household television access: Associations with screen time, reading, and homework among youth. Ambulatory Pediatrics, 1, 244–251. CrossRef
- Television Viewing and Televisions in Bedrooms: Perceptions of Racial/Ethnic Minority Parents of Young Children
Journal of Child and Family Studies
Volume 22, Issue 6 , pp 749-756
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Springer US
- Additional Links
- Qualitative methods
- Industry Sectors
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Department of Family Relations and Applied Nutrition, University of Guelph, Guelph, ON, N1G 2W1, Canada
- 2. Obesity Prevention Program, Department of Population Medicine, Harvard Medical School and Harvard Pilgrim Health Care, Boston, MA, USA
- 3. Department of Society, Human Development and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA
- 4. Department of Family Medicine, Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence, RI, USA
- 5. Center for Media and Child Health, Children’s Hospital Boston, Boston, MA, USA
- 6. Cambridge Health Alliance, Cambridge, MA, USA
- 7. Division of Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Obesity, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA