Journal of Child and Family Studies

, Volume 19, Issue 3, pp 360–378

Predictors of Resilience Among Inner City Youths

  • Quyen Q. Tiet
  • David Huizinga
  • Hilary F. Byrnes
Original Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s10826-009-9307-5

Cite this article as:
Tiet, Q.Q., Huizinga, D. & Byrnes, H.F. J Child Fam Stud (2010) 19: 360. doi:10.1007/s10826-009-9307-5

Abstract

Prior studies have suggested that living in high-risk neighborhoods is associated with youths’ maladjustment. Youths who maintained favorable outcomes, despite being exposed to such neighborhood risks, were considered resilient. Using structural equation modeling techniques, longitudinal data of 877 youths from the Denver Youth Survey were examined to identify predictors of resilience, longitudinal interrelations among predictors, and bi-directional relationships between resilience and life context factors. Resilience was longitudinally predicted by bonding to family and teachers, involvement in extracurricular activities, lower levels of parental discord, fewer adverse life events, and being less involved with delinquent peers. A positive feedback loop was found, in which resilience predicted further resilience. Early intervention to strengthen traditional bonding, decrease involvement with delinquent peers, and reduce the effects of adverse life events and parental discord may be essential in enhancing functioning of high-risk youths.

Keywords

Resilience Risk and protective factors Drug use and delinquency Parental discord and adverse life events Bonding to family and teachers 

Copyright information

© US Government  2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Quyen Q. Tiet
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • David Huizinga
    • 4
  • Hilary F. Byrnes
    • 5
  1. 1.Clinical Psychology PhD ProgramCalifornia School of Professional Psychology at the Alliant International UniversitySan FranciscoUSA
  2. 2.National Center for PTSD at the VA Palo Alto HCSPalo AltoUSA
  3. 3.Stanford University School of MedicineStanfordUSA
  4. 4.Institute of Behavioral SciencesUniversity of Colorado at BoulderBoulderUSA
  5. 5.Prevention Research CenterPacific Institute for Research and EvaluationBerkeleyUSA

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