The Effect of Interpersonal Touch During Childhood on Adult Attachment and Depression: A Neglected Area of Family and Developmental Psychology?
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Interpersonal touch has been little studied empirically as an indicator of parent- and peer-child intimacy. Undergraduate students (n = 390) were studied using a questionnaire survey regarding the frequencies of interpersonal touch by father, mother, same-sex peers, and opposite-sex peers during preschool ages, grades 1–3, grades 4–6, and grades 7–9, as well as their current attachment style to a romantic partner and current depression. A path model indicated that current depression was influenced significantly by poorer self- and other-images as well as by fewer parental interpersonal touches throughout childhood. Other-image was influenced by early (up to grade 3) parental interpersonal touch. Our findings suggest that a lower frequency of parental touching during childhood influences the development of depression and contributes to a poorer image of an individual’s romantic partner during later adolescence and early adulthood.
- The Effect of Interpersonal Touch During Childhood on Adult Attachment and Depression: A Neglected Area of Family and Developmental Psychology?
Journal of Child and Family Studies
Volume 19, Issue 1 , pp 109-117
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- Springer US
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- Interpersonal touch
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- Author Affiliations
- 1. School of Business Administration, Jiyugaoka Sanno College, Tokyo, Japan
- 2. Department of Psychiatry, Kitasato University School of Medicine, Sagamihara, Japan
- 3. Department of Psychology, Saitama Institute of Technology, Fukaya, Japan
- 4. School of Human Sciences, Waseda University, Tokyo, Japan
- 5. Department of Clinical Behavioural Sciences (Psychological Medicine), Kumamoto University Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kumamoto, 860-8556, Japan