Aaron, K. F., Levine, D., & Burstin, H. R. (2003). African American church participation and health care practices. Journal of General Internal Medicine, 18, 908–913.
Abraído-Lanza, A. F., Vasquez, E., & Echeverría, S. E. (2004). En las manos de Dios [in God’s hands]: Religious and other forms of coping among Latinos with arthritis. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 72, 91–102.
Albert, S. M., Musa, D., Kwoh, K., & Silverman, M. (2008). Defining optimal self-management in osteoarthritis: Racial differences in a population-based sample. Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology, 23, 349–360.
Anderson, J. M., Wiggins, S., Rajwani, R., Holbrook, A., Blue, C., & Ng, M. (1995). Living with a chronic illness: Chinese-Canadian and Euro-Canadian women with diabetes—exploring factors that influence management. Social Science and Medicine, 41, 181–195.
Anderson, R. M., Funnell, M. M., Arnold, M. S., Barr, P. A., Edwards, G. J., & Fitzgerald, J. T. (2000). Assessing the cultural relevance of an educational program for urban African Americans with diabetes. Diabetes Educator, 26, 280–289.
Arcury, T. A., Bell, R. A., Snively, B. M., Smith, S. L., Skelly, A. H., Wetmore, L. K., et al. (2006). Complementary and alternative medicine use as health self-management: Rural older adults with diabetes. Journal of Gerontology: Social Sciences, 61B, S62–S70.
Arcury, T. A., Suerken, C. K., Grzywacz, J. G., Bell, R. A., Lang, W., & Quandt, S. A. (2006). Complementary and alternative medicine use among older adults: Ethnic variation. Ethnicity & Disease, 16, 723–731.
Arcury, T. A., Grzywacz, J. G., Bell, R. A., Neiberg, R. H., Lang, W., & Quandt, S. A. (2007). Herbal remedy use as health self-management among older adults. Journal of Gerontology: Social Sciences, 62B, S142–S149.
Bahr, K. S. (2007). The strengths of Apache grandmothers: Observations on commitment, culture, and caretaking. In S. J. Ferguson (Ed.), Shifting the center: Understanding contemporary families (3rd ed., pp. 487–503). New York: McGraw-Hill.
Baldridge, D. (2001). Indian elders: Family traditions in crisis. American Behavioral Scientist, 44, 1515–1527.
Barker, J. C., Morrow, J., & Mitteness, L. S. (1998). Gender, informal social support networks, and older urban African Americans. Journal of Aging Studies, 12, 199–222.
Becker, G., & Newsom, E. (2005). Resilience in the face of serious illness among chronically ill African Americans in later life. Journal of Gerontology: Social Sciences, 60B, S214–S223.
Becker, G., Beyene, Y., Newsom, E. M., & Rodgers, D. V. (1998). Knowledge and care of chronic illness in three ethnic minority groups. Family Medicine, 30, 173–178.
Becker, G., Beyene, Y., Newsom, E., & Mayen, N. (2003). Creating continuity through mutual assistance: Intergenerational reciprocity in four ethnic groups. Journal of Gerontology: Social Sciences, 58B, S151–S159.
Becker, G., Gates, R. J., & Newsom, E. (2004). Self-care among chronically ill African Americans: Culture, health disparities, and health insurance status. American Journal of Public Health, 94, 2066–2074.
Berkman, L. F., & Glass, T. (2000). Social integration, social networks, and health. In L. F. Berkman & I. Kawachi (Eds.), Social epidemiology (pp. 137–173). New York: Oxford University Press.
Berkman, C. S., & Gurland, B. J. (1998). The relationship between ethnoracial group and functional level in older persons. Ethnicity and Health, 3
Beyene, Y., Becker, G., & Mayen, N. (2002). Perception of aging and sense of well-being among Latino elderly. Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology, 17, 155–173.
Bierman, A. S., & Clancy, C. M. (2001). Health disparities among older women: Identifying opportunities to improve quality of care and functional health outcomes. Journal of the American Medical Womens Association, 56, 155–160.
Blank, S. (1998). Hearth and home: The living arrangements of Mexican immigrants and U.S.-born Mexican Americans. Sociological Forum, 13, 35–59.
Boyd, E. L., Taylor, S. D., Shimp, L. A., & Semler, C. R. (2000). An assessment of home remedy use by African Americans. Journal of the National Medical Association, 92, 341–353.
Brown, S. A., Harrist, R. B., Villagomez, E. T., Segura, M., Barton, S., & Hanis, C. L. (2000). Gender and treatment differences in knowledge, health beliefs, and metabolic control in Mexican Americans with type 2 diabetes. Diabetes Educator, 26, 425–438.
Burr, J. A., & Mutchler, J. E. (1993). Nativity, acculturation, and economic status: Explanations of Asian American living arrangements in later life. Journal of Gerontology, 48, S55–S63.
Burr, J. A., & Mutchler, J. E. (1999). Race and ethnic variation in norms of filial responsibility among older persons. Journal of Marriage and Family, 61, 674–687.
Campbell, M. K., Hudson, M. A., Resnicow, K., Blakeney, N., Paxton, A., & Baskin, M. (2007). Church-based health promotion: Evidence and lessons learned. Annual Review of Public Health, 28, 213–234.
Canales, M. (2004). Taking care of self: Health care decision making of American Indian women. Health Care for Women International, 25, 411–435.
Carbone, E. T., Rosal, M. C., Torres, M. I., Goins, K. V., & Bermudez, O. I. (2007). Diabetes self-management: Perspectives of Latino patients and their health care providers. Patient Education & Counseling, 66, 202–210.
Carter-Edwards, L., Skelly, A. H., Cagle, C. S., & Appel, S. J. (2004). They care but don’t understand: Family support of African American women with type 2 diabetes. Diabetes Educator, 30, 493–501.
Carter-Pokras, O., & Woo, V. (1999). Health profile of racial and ethnic minorities in the U.S. Ethnicity and Health, 4, 117–120.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2003). Diabetes prevalence among American Indians and Alaska Natives and the overall population—United States, 1994–2002. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, 52, 702–704.
Chan, S. C., Siu, A. M., Poon, P. K., & Chan, C. C. (2005). Chronic disease self-management program for Chinese patients: A preliminary multi-baseline study. International Journal of Rehabilitation Research, 28, 351–354.
Cheshire, T. C. (2001). Cultural transmission in urban American Indian families. American Behavioral Scientist, 44, 1528–1535.
Chesla, C. A., Fisher, L., Skaff, M. M., Mullan, J. T., Willis, C. L., & Kanter, R. (2003). Family predictors of disease management over one year in Latino and European American patients with type 2 diabetes. Family Process, 42, 375–390.
Chin, M. H., Polonsky, T. S., Thomas, V. D., & Nerney, M. P. (2000). Developing a conceptual framework for understanding illness and attitudes in older, urban African Americans with diabetes. Diabetes Educator, 26, 439–449.
Clark, N. M. (2003). Management of chronic disease by patients. Annual Review of Public Health, 24, 289–313.
Clark, N. M., Becker, M. H., Janz, N. K., Lorig, K., Rakowski, W., & Anderson, L. (1991). Self-management of chronic disease by older adults. Journal of Aging and Health, 3, 3–27.
Cohen, P. N., & Casper, L. M. (2002). In whose home? Multigenerational families in the United States, 1998–2000. Sociological Perspectives, 45, 1–20.
Coronado, G. D., Thompson, B., Tejeda, S., Godina, R., & Chen, L. (2007). Sociodemographic factors and self-management practices related to type 2 diabetes among Hispanics and non-Hispanic Whites in a rural setting. Journal of Rural Health, 23, 49–54.
Cummings, S. M., Neff, J. A., & Husaini, B. A. (2003). Functional impairment as a predictor of depressive symptomatology: The role of race, religiosity, and social support. Health and Social Work, 28, 23–32.
Dancy, J., Jr., & Ralston, P. A. (2002). Health promotion and black elders: Subgroups of greatest need. Research on Aging, 24, 218–242.
Dean, K. (1992). Health-related behavior: Concepts and methods. In M. G. Ory, R. P. Abeles, & D. P. Lipman (Eds.), Aging, health and behavior (pp. 27–56). Newbury Park: Sage.
DeFriese, G. H., Ory, M. G., & Vickery, D. M. (1998). Afterword: Toward a research agenda for addressing the potential of self-care in later life. In M. G. Ory & G. H. DeFriese (Eds.), Self-care in later life (pp. 193–199). New York: Springer.
de Groot, M., Welch, G., Buckland, G. T., 3rd, Fergus, M., Ruggiero, L., & Chipkin, S. R. (2003). Cultural orientation and diabetes self-care in low-income African Americans with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Ethnicity and Disease, 13, 6–14.
Denny, C. H., Holtzman, D., Goins, R. T., & Croft, J. B. (2005). Disparities in chronic disease risk factors and health status between American Indian/Alaska Native and White elders: Findings from a telephone survey, 2001 and 2002. American Journal of Public Health, 95, 825–827.
Dietz, T. L. (1995). Patterns of intergenerational assistance within the Mexican-American family. Journal of Family Issues, 16, 344–356.
Dilworth-Anderson, P. (1992). Extended kin networks in Black families. Generations, 16, 29–33.
Dilworth-Anderson, P., Brummett, B., Goodwin, P., Williams, S. W., Williams, R. B., & Siegler, I. C. (2005). Effect of race on cultural justifications for caregiving. Journal of Gerontology: Social Sciences, 60B, S257–S262.
Ellison, C. (1990). Family ties, social networks, and well-being among Black Americans. Journal of Marriage and Family, 52, 298–310.
Ellison, C. G., & George, L. K. (1994). Religious involvement, social ties, and social support in a southeastern community. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 33, 46–61.
Elwert, F., & Christakis, N. A. (2006). Widowhood and race. American Sociological Review, 71, 16–41.
Fitzpatrick, T. R., Aleman, S., & Van Tran, T. (2008). Factors that contribute to levels of independent activity functioning among a group of Navajo elders. Research on Aging, 30, 318–333.
Freidenberg, J. N. (2000). Growing old in El Barrio. New York: New York University.
Gallant, M. P. (2003). The influence of social support on chronic illness self-management: A review and directions for research. Health Education & Behavior, 30, 170–195.
Gallant, M. P., Spitze, G., & Prohaska, T. (2007). Help or hindrance? How family and friends influence chronic illness self-management among older adults. Research on Aging, 29, 375–409.
Galloway, J. M. (2005). Cardiovascular health among American Indians and Alaska natives. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 29, 11–17.
Garrett, J. T., & Garrett, M. W. (1994). The path of good medicine: Understanding and counseling Native American Indians. Journal of Multicultural Counseling and Development, 22, 134–144.
Gelman, C. R. (2002). The elder Latino population in Holyoke, MA: A qualitative study of unmet needs and community strengths. Journal of Gerontological Social Work, 39, 89–105.
Glasgow, R. E., Strycker, L. A., Toobert, D. J., & Eakin, E. (2000). The Chronic Illness Resources Survey: A social-ecologic approach to assessing support for disease self-management. Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 23, 559–583.
Goins, R. T., Spencer, S. M., Roubideaux, Y. D., & Manson, S. M. (2005). Differences in functional disability of rural American Indian and White older adults with comorbid diabetes. Research on Aging, 27, 643–658.
Goldscheider, F. K., & Bures, R. M. (2003). The racial crossover in family complexity in the U.S. Demography, 40, 569–587.
Gordon, E. J., Prohaska, T., Siminoff, L. A., Minich, P. J., & Sehgal, A. R. (2005). Can focusing on self-care reduce disparities in kidney transplantation outcomes? American Journal of Kidney Diseases, 45, 935–940.
Halgunseth, L. C. (2004). Continuing research on Latino families. In M. Coleman & L. H. Ganong (Eds.), Handbook of contemporary families (pp. 333–351). Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications.
Harris, M. I. (2001). Racial and ethnic differences in health care access and health outcomes for adults with type 2 diabetes. Diabetes Care, 24, 454–459.
Hatcher, E., & Whittemore, R. (2007). Hispanic adults’ beliefs about type 2 diabetes: Clinical implications. Journal of the American Academy of Nurse Practitioners, 19, 536–545.
Hayes-Bautista, D. E., Hsu, P., Perez, A., & Gamboa, C. (2002). The ‘browning’ of the graying of America: Diversity in the older population and policy implications. Generations, 26, 15–24.
Hays, J. C., & George, L. K. (2002). The life-course trajectory toward living alone: Racial differences. Research on Aging, 24, 283–307.
Hill, T. D., Angel, J. L., Ellison, C. G., & Angel, R. J. (2005). Religious attendance and mortality: An 8-year follow-up of older Mexican Americans. Journal of Gerontology: Social Sciences, 60B, S102–S110.
Hurtado, A. (1995). Variations, combinations, and evolutions: Latino families in the United States. In R. El Zambrana (Ed.), Understanding Latino families (pp. 40–61). Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications.
Ishii-Kuntz, M. (1997). Intergenerational relationships among Chinese, Japanese, and Korean Americans. Family Relations, 46, 23–32.
Ishii-Kuntz, M. (2004). Asian American families: Diverse history, contemporary trends, and the future. In M. Coleman & L. H. Ganong (Eds.), Handbook of contemporary families (pp. 369–384). Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications.
Jarrett, R. L., & Burton, L. M. (1999). Dynamic dimensions of family structure in low-income African American families: Emergent themes in qualitative research. Journal of Comparative Family Studies, 30, 177–187.
Jennings, A. (1999a). The use of available social support networks by older blacks. Journal of the National Black Nurses Association, 10, 4–13.
Jennings, A. (1999b). Who supports elderly African Americans in adhering to their healthcare regimen? Home Healthcare Nurse, 17, 519–525.
Kamo, Y., & Zhou, M. (1994). Living arrangements of elderly Chinese and Japanese in the United States. Journal of Marriage and Family, 56, 544–558.
Kawamoto, W. T., & Cheshire, T. C. (2004). A seven-generation approach to American Indian families. In M. Coleman & L. H. Ganong (Eds.), Handbook of contemporary families (pp. 385–393). Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications.
Kent, M. M. (2007). Immigration and America’s Black population. Population Bulletin, 62, 1–16.
Kim, H. K., & McHenry, P. C. (1998). Social networks and support: A comparison of African Americans, Asian Americans, Caucasians, and Hispanics. Journal of Comparative Family Studies, 29, 313–334.
Krause, N. (2004). Common facets of religion, unique facets of religion, and life satisfaction among older African Americans. Journal of Gerontology: Social Sciences, 59B, S109–S117.
Laditka, J. N., & Laditka, S. B. (2001). Adult children helping older parents: Variations in likelihood and hours by gender, race, and family role. Research on Aging, 23, 429–456.
Lai, D., & Chappell, N. (2007). Use of traditional Chinese medicine by older Chinese immigrants in Canada. Family Practice, 24, 56–64.
Lee, Y., & Aytac, I. A. (1998). Intergenerational financial support among Whites, African Americans, and Latinos. Journal of Marriage and Family, 60, 426–441.
Lee, G. R., Peek, C. W., & Coward, R. T. (1998). Race differences in filial responsibility expectations among older parents. Journal of Marriage and Family, 60, 404–412.
Letiecq, B. L., Bailey, S. J., & Kurtz, M. A. (2008). Depression among rural Native American and European American grandparents rearing their grandchildren. Journal of Family Issues, 29, 334–356.
Levy-Storms, L., & Lubben, J. E. (2006). Network composition and health behaviors among older Samoan women. Journal of Aging and Health, 18, 814–836.
Lin, C., & Liu, W. T. (1993). Intergenerational relations among Chinese immigrants from Taiwan. In H. P. McAdoo (Ed.), Family ethnicity: Strength in diversity (pp. 271–286). Newbury Park: Sage.
Lin, Y. C., Huang, L. H., Young, H. M., & Chen, Y. M. (2007). Beliefs about physical activity–focus group results of Chinese community elderly in Seattle and Taipei. Geriatric Nursing, 28, 236–244.
Lorig, K. R., & Holman, H. R. (2003). Self-management education: History, definition, outcomes, and mechanisms. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 26, 1–7.
Lowe, J. (2002). Cherokee self-reliance. Journal of Transcultural Nursing, 13, 287–295.
Manson, S. M. (1989). Long-term care in American Indian communities: Issues for planning and research. The Gerontologist, 29, 38–44.
Martinez, R. J. (1999). Close friends of God: An ethnographic study of health of older Hispanic adults. Journal of Multicultural Nursing & Health, 5, 40–45.
McAdoo, H. P. (1998). African American families. In C. H. Mindel, R. W. Habenstein, & R. Wright Jr. (Eds.), Ethnic families in America: Patterns and variations (4th ed., pp. 361–381). Upper Saddle River: Prentice Hall.
McAuley, W. J., Pecchioni, L., & Grant, J. A. (2000). Personal accounts of the role of God in health and illness among older rural African American and White residents. Journal of Cross Cultural Gerontology, 15, 13–35.
McDonald, P. E., Wykle, M. L., Misra, R., Suwonnaroop, N., & Burant, C. J. (2002). Predictors of social support, acceptance, health-promoting behaviors, and glycemic control in African-Americans with type 2 diabetes. Journal of the National Black Nurses Association, 13, 23–30.
McIntosh, W. A., Sykes, D., & Kubera, K. S. (2002). Religion and community among the elderly. Review of Religious Research, 44, 109–125.
Miner, S. (1995). Racial differences in family support and formal service utilization among older persons: A nonrecursive model. Journal of Gerontology: Social Sciences, 50B, S143–S153.
Minkler, M., & Fuller-Thomson, E. (2005). African American grandparents raising grandchildren: A national study using the Census 2000 American Community Survey. Journal of Gerontology: Social Sciences, 60B, S82–S92.
Moss, M. P. (2005). Tolerated illness: Concept and theory for chronically ill and elderly patients as exemplified in American Indians. Journal of Cancer Education (Supp.), 20, 17–22.
Napoles-Springer, A. M., Grumbach, K., Alexander, M., Moreno-John, G., Forte, D., Rangel-Lugo, M., et al. (2000). Clinical research with older African Americans and Latinos: Perspectives from the community. Research on Aging, 22, 668–691.
National Center for Health Statistics. (2006). Health, United States, 2006, With chartbook on trends in the health of Americans. Hyattsville, MD.
Ogedegbe, G., Mancuso, C. A., & Allegrante, J. P. (2004). Expectations of blood pressure management in hypertensive African-American patients: A qualitative study. Journal of the National Medical Association, 96, 442–449.
Ory, M. G. (2008). The resurgence of self-care research: Addressing the role of context and culture. Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology, 23, 313–317.
Ory, M. G., & DeFriese, G. H. (1998). Self-care in later life: Research, program, and policy issues. New York: Springer Publishing.
Osako, M. M., & Liu, W. T. (1986). Intergenerational relations and the aged among Japanese Americans. Research on Aging, 8, 128–155.
Pang, E. C., Jordan-Marsh, M., Silverstein, M., & Cody, M. (2003). Health-seeking behaviors of elderly Chinese Americans: Shifts in expectations. The Gerontologist, 43, 864–874.
Peek, K. M., Coward, R. T., & Peek, C. W. (2000). Race, aging, and care: Can differences in family and household structure account for race variations in informal care? Research on Aging, 22, 117–142.
Peek, C. W., Koropeckyj-Cox, T., Zsembik, B. A., & Coward, R. T. (2004). Race comparisons of the household dynamics of older adults. Research on Aging, 26, 179–201.
Perrone, B., Stockel, H. H., & Krueger, V. (1989). Medicine women, curanderas, and women doctors. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press.
Perry, C. (1999). Extended family support among older Black females. In R. Staples (Ed.), The Black family: Essays and studies (6th ed., pp. 232–240). Belmont: Wadsworth Publishing Company.
Phua, V. C., Kaufman, G., & Park, K. S. (2001). Strategic adjustments of elderly Asian Americans: Living arrangements and headship. Journal of Comparative Family Studies, 32, 263–281.
Polzer, R. L., & Miles, M. S. (2007). Spirituality in African Americans with diabetes: Self-management through a relationship with God. Qualitative Health Research, 17, 176–188.
Popoola, M. M. (2005). Living with diabetes: The holistic experiences of Nigerians and African Americans. Holistic Nursing Practice, 19, 10–16.
Riche, M. F. (2000). America’s diversity and growth: Signposts for the 21st Century. Population Bulletin, 55, 1–43.
Rogers, B. (2001). A path of healing and wellness for Native families. American Behavioral Scientist, 44, 1512–1514.
Roschelle, A. (1997). No more kin: Exploring race, class, and gender in family networks. Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications.
Roth, D. L., Haley, W. E., Wadley, V. G., Clay, O. J., & Howard, G. (2007). Race and gender differences in perceived caregiver availability for community-dwelling middle-aged and older adults. The Gerontologist, 47, 721–730.
Samuel-Hodge, C. D., Headen, S. W., Skelly, A. H., Ingram, A. F., Keyserling, T. C., Jackson, E. J., et al. (2000). Influences on day-to-day self-management of type 2 diabetes among African-American women: Spirituality, the multi-caregiver role, and other social context factors. Diabetes Care, 23, 928–933.
Samuel-Hodge, C. D., Skelly, A. H., Headen, S., & Carter-Edwards, L. (2005). Familial roles of older African-American women with type 2 diabetes: Testing of a new multiple caregiving measure. Ethnicity & Disease, 15, 436–443.
Sandefur, G. D., Rindfuss, R. R., & Cohen, B. (1996). Changing numbers, changing needs: American Indian demography and public health. Washington: National Academy Press.
Sarkisian, N., & Gerstel, N. (2004). Kin support among Blacks and Whites: Race and family organization. American Sociological Review, 69, 812–837.
Sarkisian, C. A., Brusuelas, R. J., Steers, W. N., Davidson, M. B., Brown, A. F., Norris, K. C., et al. (2005). Using focus groups of older African Americans and Latinos with diabetes to modify a self-care empowerment intervention. Ethnicity & Disease, 15, 283–291.
Sarkisian, N., Gerena, M., & Gerstel, N. (2007). Extended family integration among European and Mexican-Americans: Ethnicity, gender, and class. Journal of Marriage and Family, 69, 40–54.
Schoenberg, N. E., Stoller, E. P., Kart, C. S., Perzynski, A., & Chapleski, E. E. (2004). Complementary and alternative medicine use among a multiethnic sample of older adults with diabetes. Journal of Complementary and Alternative Medicine, 10, 1061–1066.
Schoenborn, C. A., Vickerie, J. L., & Powell-Griner, E. (2006). Health characteristics of adults 55 years of age and over: United States, 2000–2003. Advance data from vital and health statistics (No. 370). Hyattsville: National Center for Health Statistics.
Schwede, L., & Blumberg, R. L. (2005). The first arrivals: Navajo and Inupiaq Eskimos. In L. Schwede, R. L. Blumberg, & A. Y. Chan (Eds.), Complex ethnic households in the U.S. (pp. 21–38). Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield.
Scott, J. W., & Black, A. (1999). Deep structures of African American family life: Female and male kin networks. In R. Staples (Ed.), The Black family: Essays and studies (6th ed., pp. 232–240). Belmont: Wadsworth Publishing Company.
Silverman, M. (2008). Self-managing chronic care: Exploring cultural variations in strategies [Special issue]. Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology, 23(4).
Silverman, M., Musa, D., Kirsch, B., & Siminoff, L. A. (1999). Self care for chronic illness: Older African Americans and Whites. Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology, 14, 169–189.
Silverman, M., Nutini, J., Musa, D., King, J., & Albert, S. (2008). Daily temporal self-care responses to osteoarthritis symptoms by older African Americans and Whites. Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology, 23, 319–337.
Silverstein, M., & Waite, L. (1993). Are Blacks more likely than Whites to receive and provide social support in middle and old age? Yes, no, and maybe so. Journal of Gerontology, 48, S212–S222.
Smyer, T., & Stenvig, T. E. (2007). Health care for American Indian elders: An overview of cultural influences and policy issues. Home Health Care Management & Practice, 20, 27–33.
Spitze, G. D., & Miner, S. (1992). Gender differences in adult child contact among Black elderly parents. The Gerontologist, 32, 213–218.
Stoller, E. P. (1998). Dynamics and processes of self-care in old age. In M. G. Ory & G. H. DeFriese (Eds.), Self-care in later life (pp. 24–61). New York: Springer.
Strawbridge, W. J., Shema, S. J., Cohen, R. D., & Kaplan, G. A. (2001). Religious attendance increases survival by improving and maintaining good health behaviors, mental health and social relationships. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 23, 68–74.
Stubben, J. D. (2001). Working with and conducting research among American Indian families. American Behavioral Scientist, 44, 1466–1481.
Taylor, R. J. (1986). Receipt of support from family among Black Americans: Demographic and familial differences. Journal of Marriage and Family, 48, 67–77.
Taylor, R. J., & Chatters, L. M. (1986). Patterns of informal support to older Black adults: Family, friends, and church members. Social Work, 31, 432–438.
Taylor, R. J., Chatters, L. M., & Jackson, J. S. (2007). Religious and spiritual involvement among older African Americans, Caribbean Blacks, and nonhispanic Whites. Journal of Gerontology: Social Sciences, 62B, S238–S250.
Tucker, M. B., Subramanian, S. K., & James, A. D. (2004). Diversity in African-American families: Trends and projections. In M. Coleman & L. H. Ganong (Eds.), Handbook of contemporary families (pp. 352–367). Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications.
Wen, L. K., Parchman, M. L., & Shepherd, M. D. (2004). Family support and diet barriers among older Hispanic adults with type 2 diabetes. Family Medicine, 36, 423–430.
Wen, L. K., Shepherd, M. D., & Parchman, M. L. (2004). Family support, diet, and exercise among older Mexican Americans with type 2 diabetes. Diabetes Educator, 30, 980–993.
Williams, S. W., & Dilworth-Anderson, P. (2002). Systems of social support in families who care for dependent African American elders. The Gerontologist, 42, 224–236.
Wong, R., Kitayama, K. E., & Soldo, B. J. (1999). Ethnic differences in time transfers from adult children to older parents: Unobserved heterogeneity across families? Research on Aging, 21, 144–175.
Wong, S. T., Yoo, G. J., & Stewart, A. L. (2006). The changing meaning of support among older Chinese and Korean immigrants. Journal of Gerontology: Social Sciences, 61, S4–S9.
Zhang, J., & Verhoef, M. J. (2002). Illness management strategies among Chinese immigrants living with arthritis. Social Science and Medicine, 55, 1795–1802.
Zhao, G., Ford, E. S., & Mokdad, A. H. (2008). Racial/ethnic variation in hypertension-related lifestyle behaviors among US women with self-reported hypertension. Journal of Human Hypertension, Epub May 22, 2008.
Zsembik, B. A. (1993). Determinants of living alone among older Hispanics. Research on Aging, 15, 449–464.