Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory

, Volume 20, Issue 3, pp 448–478

Settlement Patterns, Source–Sink Dynamics, and Artiodactyl Hunting in the Prehistoric U.S. Southwest

Authors

    • Department of ArchaeologySimon Fraser University
    • School of Human Evolution and Social ChangeArizona State University
  • Jonathan C. Driver
    • Department of ArchaeologySimon Fraser University
Article

DOI: 10.1007/s10816-012-9160-5

Cite this article as:
Schollmeyer, K.G. & Driver, J.C. J Archaeol Method Theory (2013) 20: 448. doi:10.1007/s10816-012-9160-5

Abstract

Numerous studies in the US Southwest suggest that prehistoric artiodactyl populations in areas of dense human settlement experienced population reductions which substantially reduced their availability to human hunters. Although most assemblages from villages in this region are dominated by lagomorphs, some settlements maintained greater access to artiodactyls. Factors influencing this variability include both local settlement history and settlement location relative to productive source areas for large game. In our study areas, source–sink dynamics likely contributed to the long-term resilience of hunted artiodactyl populations and allowed villagers continued access to animals moving in from source areas despite relatively rapid game depletion in heavily hunted areas immediately around villages.

Keywords

HuntingZooarchaeologySettlement patternsUS Southwest

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2012