Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory

, Volume 20, Issue 3, pp 448–478

Settlement Patterns, Source–Sink Dynamics, and Artiodactyl Hunting in the Prehistoric U.S. Southwest


    • Department of ArchaeologySimon Fraser University
    • School of Human Evolution and Social ChangeArizona State University
  • Jonathan C. Driver
    • Department of ArchaeologySimon Fraser University

DOI: 10.1007/s10816-012-9160-5

Cite this article as:
Schollmeyer, K.G. & Driver, J.C. J Archaeol Method Theory (2013) 20: 448. doi:10.1007/s10816-012-9160-5


Numerous studies in the US Southwest suggest that prehistoric artiodactyl populations in areas of dense human settlement experienced population reductions which substantially reduced their availability to human hunters. Although most assemblages from villages in this region are dominated by lagomorphs, some settlements maintained greater access to artiodactyls. Factors influencing this variability include both local settlement history and settlement location relative to productive source areas for large game. In our study areas, source–sink dynamics likely contributed to the long-term resilience of hunted artiodactyl populations and allowed villagers continued access to animals moving in from source areas despite relatively rapid game depletion in heavily hunted areas immediately around villages.


HuntingZooarchaeologySettlement patternsUS Southwest

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© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2012