Assessment of sperm chromatin condensation and ploidy status using flow cytometry correlates to fertilization, embryo quality and pregnancy following in vitro fertilization
- First Online:
- Cite this article as:
- Lazaros, L.A., Vartholomatos, G.A., Hatzi, E.G. et al. J Assist Reprod Genet (2011) 28: 885. doi:10.1007/s10815-011-9611-z
- 125 Views
Sperm flow cytometry (SFC) was used to evaluate the association of sperm chromatin condensation and ploidy with fertilization, embryo development, pregnancy and abortion rates following IVF.
Conventional semen analysis was performed in one hundred fifty men, as well as SFC analysis, after acridine orange and propidium iodide staining, for the evaluation of sperm maturity and ploidy respectively. Conventional IVF was performed in all couples.
Couples with low percentages of mature spermatozoa presented with lower fertilization rates (p < 0.005), lower rates of grade A embryos (p < 0.003) and lower pregnancy rates (p < 0.006), compared to couples with high percentages of mature spermatozoa. Couples with low total aneuploidy rates presented with higher fertilization rates (p < 0.007), higher rates of grade A embryos (p < 0.004) and higher pregnancy rates (p < 0.003), compared to couples with high total aneuploidy rates.
Sperm chromatin condensation and ploidy constitute critical parameters for the evaluation of semen samples before IVF and for the identification of cases in need of ICSI application.