Article

Journal of Applied Phycology

, Volume 25, Issue 2, pp 667-675

First online:

Open Access This content is freely available online to anyone, anywhere at any time.

Biomass of Spirulina maxima enriched by biosorption process as a new feed supplement for swine

  • A. SaeidAffiliated withInstitute of Inorganic Technology and Mineral Fertilizers, Wroclaw University of Technology Email author 
  • , K. ChojnackaAffiliated withInstitute of Inorganic Technology and Mineral Fertilizers, Wroclaw University of Technology
  • , M. KorczyńskiAffiliated withDepartment of Animal Hygiene and Environment, Wroclaw University of Environmental and Life Sciences
  • , D. KorniewiczAffiliated withDepartment of Animal Nutrition and Food Science, Wroclaw University of Environmental and Life Sciences
  • , Z. DobrzańskiAffiliated withDepartment of Animal Hygiene and Environment, Wroclaw University of Environmental and Life Sciences

Abstract

This paper deals with the new mineral feed additives with Cu produced in a biosorption process from a semi-technical scale. The natural biomass of edible microalga Spirulina sp. was enriched with Cu(II) and then used as a mineral supplement in feeding experiments on swine to assess its nutrition properties. A total of 24 piglets divided into two groups (control and experimental) were used to determine the bioavailability of a new generation of mineral feed additives based on Spirulina maxima. The control group was feed using traditional inorganic supplements of microelements, while the experimental group was fed with the feed containing the biomass of S. maxima enriched with Cu by biosorption. The apparent absorption was 30 % (P < 0.05) higher in the experimental group. No effect on the production results (average daily feed intake, average daily gain, feed conversion ratio) was detected. It was found that copper concentration in feces in the experimental group was 60 % (P < 0.05) lower than in the control group. The new preparation—a dietary supplement with microelements produced by biosorption based on biomass of microalgae S. maxima—is a promising alternative to currently used inorganic salts as the source of nutritionally important microelements.

Keywords

Animal feeding Swine Mineral feed additives Spirulina maxima Copper