Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics

, Volume 24, Issue 3, pp 227–242

Commercialization of Perennial GE Crops: Looming Challenges for Regulatory Frameworks

Authors

    • Department of Plant ScienceUniversity of Manitoba
  • Armin Spök
    • IFZ-Inter-University Research Center for Technology, Work and Culture
  • Rene C. Van Acker
    • Department of Plant AgricultureUniversity of Guelph
Articles

DOI: 10.1007/s10806-010-9257-3

Cite this article as:
V. Bagavathiannan, M., Spök, A. & C. Van Acker, R. J Agric Environ Ethics (2011) 24: 227. doi:10.1007/s10806-010-9257-3

Abstract

Overall, the deregulation of genetically engineered (GE) crops for commercial cultivation in North America has been a success story. In several cases, however, GE crops have sparked concerns and disagreements among the stakeholders and there are incidences of court lawsuits, including a recent one on glyphosate resistant (GR) alfalfa (Medicago sativa, L.). While GE crops can provide operational benefits to farmers, challenges are looming from commercialization of perennial GE crops. The unique ecology and biology of these crops and GE alfalfa in particular can facilitate adventitious presence (AP) of GE traits and it makes more visible that economic risks for conventional growers and food/feed producers have not been adequately addressed by the GE regulatory system in the United States (US). Asynchronous market approvals and the existence of a number of GE sensitive export markets create uncertainties among the exporters. Policy development in these fields may be helpful for ensuring a broader acceptance and market success of GE agriculture in general. The analysis is focusing on the US, although many diagnosed problems are also relevant to other jurisdictions—in particular if no co-existence policy is in place.

Keywords

Genetic engineering GE alfalfa Adventitious presence Co-existence Regulatory framework

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010