Baddeley, A. D. (1992). Working memory. Science, 255
Ball, K., Berch, D. B., Helmers, K. F., Jobe, J. B., Leveck, M. D., Marsiske, M., et al. (2002). Effects of cognitive training interventions with older adults: A randomized controlled trial. Journal of the American Medical Association, 13
Ball, K., Edwards, J. D., & Ross, L. A. (2007). The impact of speed of processing training on cognitive and everyday functions. The Journals of Gerontology,
Bell, R., Buchner, A., & Mund, I. (2008). Age-related differences in irrelevant-speech effects. Psychology and Aging,
Birren, J. E. (1974). Translations in gerontology: From lab to life. Psychophysiology and speed of response. American Psychologist,
Bryan, J., & Luszcz, M. A. (1996). Speed of information processing as a mediator between age and free-recall performance. Psychology and Aging, 11
Deary, I. J. (2000). Looking down on human intelligence
. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.CrossRef
Deary, I. J., Allerhand, M., & Der, M. (2009). Smarter in middle age, faster in old age: A cross-lagged panel analysis of reaction time and cognitive ability over 13 years in the west of Scotland Twenty-07 Study. Psychology and Aging,
Engle, R. W., Tuholski, S. W., Laughlin, J. E., & Conway, A. R. A. (1999). Working memory, short-term memory, and general fluid intelligence: A latent-variable approach. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General,
Finkel, D., Reynolds, C. A., McArdle, J. J., & Pedersen, N. L. (2005). The longitudinal relationship between processing speed and cognitive ability: Genetic and environmental influences. Behavior Genetics,
Finkel, D., Reynolds, C. A., McArdle, J. J., & Pedersen, N. L. (2007). Age changes in processing speed as a leading indicator of cognitive aging. Psychology and Aging,
Fry, A. F., & Hale, S. (1996). Processing speed, working memory, and fluid intelligence: Evidence for a developmental cascade. Psychological Science,
Hershey, D. A., Boyd, M. L., Coutant, K. M., & Turner, K. (1999). Cognitive aging psychology: Significant advances, challenges, and training issues. Educational Gerontology,
Hitch, G. J., & Towse, J. N. (1995). Working memory: What develops? In F. E. Weinert & W. Schneider (Eds.), Memory performance and competencies: Issues in growth and development (pp. 3–21). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.
Hitch, G., Towse, J. N., & Hutton, U. (2001). What limits children’s working memory span? Theoretical accounts and applications for scholastic development. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General,
Kane, M. J., & Engle, R. W. (2002). The role of prefrontal cortex in working-memory capacity, executive attention and general fluid intelligence: An individual-differences perspective. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review,
Kane, M. J., & Engle, R. W. (2003). Working-memory capacity and the control of attention: The contributions of goal neglect, response competition, and task set to Stroop interference. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General,
Laurence, B. L., Weismer, S. W., Miller, C. A., Francis, D. J., et al. (2007). Speed of processing, working memory, and language impairment in children. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research,
Li, D., Liu, C., Chen, T., & Li, G. (2004). The role of processing speed and working memory in life span cognitive development. Journal of Nanjing Normal University (Social Science),
Madden, D. J. (2001). Speed and timing of behavioral processes. In J. E. Birren & K. W. Schaie (Eds.), Handbook of the psychology of aging (5th ed.). San Diego, CA: Academic Press.
Meijer, W. A., de Groot, R. H. M., Van Boxtel, M. P. J., Van Gerven, P. W. M., & Jolles, J. (2006). Verbal learning and aging: Combined effects of irrelevant speech, inerstimulus interval and education. Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences,
Park, D. C. (2000). The basic mechanisms accounting for age related decline in cognitive function. In: Cognitive aging. New Jersey: Erlbaum.
Park, D. C., Smith, A. D., Lautenschlager, G., Earles, J. L., Frieske, D., Zwahr, M., et al. (1996). Mediators of long-term memory performance across the life span. Psychology and Aging, 11
Peng, H., Shen, J., & Wang, D. (2004). The roles of working memory capacity and processing speed in inductive reasoning aging. Psychological Science,
Peng, H., Shen, J., & Wang, D. (2006). Interrelations of visual function, processing speed and working memory in cognitive aging. Chinese Journal of Gerontology,
Salthouse, T. A. (1985). Speed of behavior and its implications for cognition. In J. E. Birren & K. W. Schaie (Eds.), Handbook of the psychology of aging (2nd ed., pp. 400–426). New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold.
Salthouse, T. A. (1990). Cognitive competence and expertise in aging. In J. E. Birren & K. W. Schaie (Eds.), Handbook of the psychology of aging (3rd ed., pp. 310–319). San Diego, CA: Academic Press.
Salthouse, T. A. (1993). Speed mediation of adult age differences in cognition. Developmental Psychology,
Salthouse, T. A. (1995). Aging, inhibition, working memory, and speed. The Journals of Gerontology,
Salthouse, T. A. (1996). The processing-speed theory of adult age differences in cognition. Psychological Review,
Salthouse, T. A. (2001). Structural models of the relations between age and measures of cognitive functioning. Intelligence,
Salthouse, T. A. (2004). Localizing age-related individual differences in a hierarchical structure. Intelligence,
Salthouse, T. A., & Ferrer-Caja, E. (2003). What needs to be explained to account for age-related effects on multiple cognitive variables? Psychology and Aging,
Salthouse, T. A., Fristoe, N., McGuthry, K. E., & Hambrick, D. Z. (1998). Relation of task switching to speed, age, and fluid intelligence. Psychology and Aging, 13
Schaie, K. W. (1989). Perceptual speed in adulthood: Cross-section and longitudinal studies. Psychology and Aging,
Schaie, K. W. (1994). Intellectual development in adulthood: The Seattle Longitudinal study. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Shen, J. L., Wang, D., Peng, H. M., & Tang, D. (2003). The effects of mediators on the aging of primary mental abilities. Acta Psychological Sinica,
Vance, D., Dawson, J., Wadley, V., Edwards, J., Roenker, D., Rizzo, M., et al. (2007). The accelerate study: The longitudinal effect of speed of processing training on cognitive performance of older adults. Rehabilitation Psychology, 52
Verhaeghen, P., & Salthouse, T. A. (1997). Meta-analyses of age-cognition relations in adulthood: Estimates of linear and nonlinear age effects and structural models. Psychological Bulletin, 122
Zimprich, D. (2002). Cross-sectionally and longitudinally balanced effects of processing speed on intellectual abilities. Experimental Aging Research,
Zimprich, D., & Martin, M. (2002). Can longitudinal changes in processing speed explain longitudinal age changes in fluid intelligence? Psychology and Aging,