Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders

, Volume 44, Issue 10, pp 2450–2463

Virtual Reality Job Interview Training in Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorder

Authors

    • Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral SciencesNorthwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine
    • Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral SciencesNorthwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine
  • Emily J. Ginger
    • Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral SciencesNorthwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine
  • Katherine Wright
    • Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral SciencesNorthwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine
  • Michael A. Wright
    • Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral SciencesNorthwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine
  • Julie Lounds Taylor
    • Departments of Pediatrics and Special Education, Vanderbilt Kennedy CenterVanderbilt University
  • Laura Boteler Humm
    • SIMmersion, LLC
  • Dale E. Olsen
    • SIMmersion, LLC
  • Morris D. Bell
    • Department of PsychiatryYale School of Medicine
    • Department of Veteran Affairs, VACHSYale School of Medicine
  • Michael F. Fleming
    • Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral SciencesNorthwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine
Original Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s10803-014-2113-y

Cite this article as:
Smith, M.J., Ginger, E.J., Wright, K. et al. J Autism Dev Disord (2014) 44: 2450. doi:10.1007/s10803-014-2113-y

Abstract

The feasibility and efficacy of virtual reality job interview training (VR-JIT) was assessed in a single-blinded randomized controlled trial. Adults with autism spectrum disorder were randomized to VR-JIT (n = 16) or treatment-as-usual (TAU) (n = 10) groups. VR-JIT consisted of simulated job interviews with a virtual character and didactic training. Participants attended 90 % of laboratory-based training sessions, found VR-JIT easy to use and enjoyable, and they felt prepared for future interviews. VR-JIT participants had greater improvement during live standardized job interview role-play performances than TAU participants (p = 0.046). A similar pattern was observed for self-reported self-confidence at a trend level (p = 0.060). VR-JIT simulation performance scores increased over time (R2 = 0.83). Results indicate preliminary support for the feasibility and efficacy of VR-JIT, which can be administered using computer software or via the internet.

Keywords

Autism spectrum disorderInternet-based interventionJob interview skillsVocational training

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014