Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders

, Volume 44, Issue 10, pp 2450–2463

Virtual Reality Job Interview Training in Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorder

  • Matthew J. Smith
  • Emily J. Ginger
  • Katherine Wright
  • Michael A. Wright
  • Julie Lounds Taylor
  • Laura Boteler Humm
  • Dale E. Olsen
  • Morris D. Bell
  • Michael F. Fleming
Original Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s10803-014-2113-y

Cite this article as:
Smith, M.J., Ginger, E.J., Wright, K. et al. J Autism Dev Disord (2014) 44: 2450. doi:10.1007/s10803-014-2113-y

Abstract

The feasibility and efficacy of virtual reality job interview training (VR-JIT) was assessed in a single-blinded randomized controlled trial. Adults with autism spectrum disorder were randomized to VR-JIT (n = 16) or treatment-as-usual (TAU) (n = 10) groups. VR-JIT consisted of simulated job interviews with a virtual character and didactic training. Participants attended 90 % of laboratory-based training sessions, found VR-JIT easy to use and enjoyable, and they felt prepared for future interviews. VR-JIT participants had greater improvement during live standardized job interview role-play performances than TAU participants (p = 0.046). A similar pattern was observed for self-reported self-confidence at a trend level (p = 0.060). VR-JIT simulation performance scores increased over time (R2 = 0.83). Results indicate preliminary support for the feasibility and efficacy of VR-JIT, which can be administered using computer software or via the internet.

Keywords

Autism spectrum disorderInternet-based interventionJob interview skillsVocational training

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Matthew J. Smith
    • 1
    • 6
  • Emily J. Ginger
    • 1
  • Katherine Wright
    • 1
  • Michael A. Wright
    • 1
  • Julie Lounds Taylor
    • 2
  • Laura Boteler Humm
    • 3
  • Dale E. Olsen
    • 3
  • Morris D. Bell
    • 4
    • 5
  • Michael F. Fleming
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral SciencesNorthwestern University Feinberg School of MedicineChicagoUSA
  2. 2.Departments of Pediatrics and Special Education, Vanderbilt Kennedy CenterVanderbilt UniversityNashvilleUSA
  3. 3.SIMmersion, LLCColumbiaUSA
  4. 4.Department of PsychiatryYale School of MedicineWest HavenUSA
  5. 5.Department of Veteran Affairs, VACHSYale School of MedicineWest HavenUSA
  6. 6.Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral SciencesNorthwestern University Feinberg School of MedicineChicagoUSA