Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders

, Volume 44, Issue 5, pp 1117–1127

Gastrointestinal Problems in Children with Autism, Developmental Delays or Typical Development

Authors

    • Department of Public Health SciencesUniversity of California, Davis
    • UC CalFresh Nutrition Education Program, State OfficeUniversity of California, Davis
  • Robin L. Hansen
    • Department of Pediatrics, School of MedicineUniversity of California, Davis
    • Medical Investigations of Neurodevelopmental Disorders (MIND) InstituteUniversity of California, Davis
  • Irva Hertz-Picciotto
    • Medical Investigations of Neurodevelopmental Disorders (MIND) InstituteUniversity of California, Davis
    • Division of Environmental and Occupational Health, Department of Public Health SciencesUniversity of California, Davis
Original Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s10803-013-1973-x

Cite this article as:
Chaidez, V., Hansen, R.L. & Hertz-Picciotto, I. J Autism Dev Disord (2014) 44: 1117. doi:10.1007/s10803-013-1973-x

Abstract

To compare gastrointestinal (GI) problems among children with: (1) autism spectrum disorder (ASD), (2) developmental delay (DD) and (3) typical development (TD), GI symptom frequencies were obtained for 960 children from the CHildhood Autism Risks from Genetics and Environment (CHARGE) study. We also examined scores on five Aberrant Behavior Checklist (ABC) subscales comparing ASD children with high versus low frequency GI symptoms. Compared to TD children, those with ASD [aOR 7.92 (4.89–12.85)] and DD [aOR 4.55 (2.51–8.24)] were more likely to have at least one frequent GI symptom. Restricting to ASD children, those with frequent abdominal pain, gaseousness, diarrhea, constipation or pain on stooling scored worse on irritability, social withdrawal, stereotypy, and hyperactivity compared with children having no frequent GI symptoms. Frequent GI problems affect young children with ASD and DD more commonly than those with TD. Maladaptive behaviors correlate with GI problems, suggesting these comorbidities require attention.

Keywords

Gastrointestinal problems Autism Developmental delays Maladaptive behaviors

Supplementary material

10803_2013_1973_MOESM1_ESM.docx (17 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 17 kb)
10803_2013_1973_MOESM2_ESM.docx (29 kb)
Supplementary material 2 (DOCX 29 kb)

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013